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Albania: Historical flags (summary and index)
Last modified: 2001-06-01 by ivan sache
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During its history Albania has used several flags which are
variations of the basic design, a black double-headed eagle on a red
- 1912. Albania gained independence as a principality. In
the flag the eagle had golden beak and claws and was holding
golden arrows. Above its heads a white five-pointed star.
- 1920. The (first) republic was proclaimed. The flag was
changed to a plain black eagle on red.
- 1928. The president and dictator Amet Zogu proclaimed
himself king Zog I. Now the eagle in the flag is surmounted by
Skanderbeg's helmet in gold, which served as the royal crown.
(Skanderbeg is the national hero from the wars against the Turks
in the middle ages, his helmet has two horns upon it.)
- 1939. Albania was occupied by the Italians, officially
it continued to be an independent kingdom under the Italian king
Vittorio Emanuele III. The flag was changed to plain red with the
arms: black eagle on a red shield. The shield was set between two
black fasces, above it Skanderbeg's helmet in black. Below the
shield a scroll with the motto "fert".
- 1944. The provisional government formed by the
partisans re-introduced the pre-war flag. In the upper corner near
the hoist a golden star was added, later replaced by a hammer and
- 1946. With the proclamation of the people's republic in
1946 the symbol in the corner was removed and a red five-pointed
star with golden border was set above the heads of the eagle.
- 1992. Albania again became a republic, and the star was
removed from the flag. We are back at the basic design, black
eagle on red.
The flag descriptions are taken from Karl-Heinz Hesmer
Harald Mueller, 19 October 1995
Index of all pages on historical flags of