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Azärbaycan - Azerbaijani Republic, Azärbaycan Respublikasi

Last modified: 2002-06-14 by ivan sache
Keywords: azerbaijan | caucasus | europe | crescent (white) | star: 8 points (white) | law | commonwealth of independent states | anthem | coat of arms | fire |
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[Flag of Azerbaijan]by Zeljko Heimer

Flag used between 1918 and 1920 (slightly different) and readopted 5 February 1991, coat of arms adopted 27 February 1993.

Description: Blue, red, green horizontal tricolour with withe crescent and eight-pointed star in the middle of the red stripe.
Proportion: 1:2
Use: on land, civil, state and war flag, at sea, civil, state and naval ensign and naval jack.

Colour approximate specifications (as given in Album des Pavillons [pay00]):

  • Blue: Pantone Process blue c
  • Red: Pantone 1795 c
  • Green: Pantone 355 c

On this page:

See also:

Presentation of Azerbaijan

Name: Azerbaijan Republic
Location: Caucasus
Status: Internationally recognized independent state since 30 August 1991.

Meaning of the flag

The flag in use is the same as that used by the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic from 1918 until it was occupied by the Communists in 1920. The eight stars stand for the eight Turkic peoples. Light blue is a traditional colour of the Turkic peoples; green is for their Islamic religion. The red is for modernization and progress.

Stuart Notholt

According to Dorling-Kindersley Pocket Book [udk97] the star stands for the Turkic peoples of the world, classified as Azeris, Ottomans, Jagatais,Tatars, Kipchaks, Seljuks and Turkomans -- only seven...

This classification dates from pre Soviet times. As far as I could determine after browsing some "Turanist" (pan-Turkic) and ethno-linguistisc sources, the correspondence is as follows:

Azeris: Azeri (aka Azerbaidjani)
Ottomans: Turkish "proper" (aka Anatolians)
Jagatais (aka Chagatai): Turkmen
Tatars: Tatars (what else?)
Kipchaks: Kazakh and Kirghiz
Seljuks (aka Salchuq): Azeri and kin living in Iran
Turkomans: Turkmenians

This clustering and classification are traditional (the eight-pointed star was on the Azeri flag already in 1918 and probably was created much earlier) and doesn't follow any modern linguistical or anthropological classification of the Turkic.

António Martins, 27 January 2000

Constitutional article about state symbols

Article 23. Azerbaijan State Symbols.

    1. State symbols of the Azerbaijan Republic shall be: the Azerbaijan Republic Flag, the Azerbaijan Republic Emblem, the Azerbaijan Republic National Anthem.

    2. The Flag of the Azerbaijan Republic shall consist of three wide stripes. The upper stripe shall be of blue colour, the middle stripe shall be red and the lower one shall be green. There shall be a white crescent and eightpointed star in the middle of the red stripe on both sides of the Flag. The proportion of the width to the length shall be 1 by 2.

    3. The design of the Azerbaijan Republic Flag and the Azerbaijan Republic State Emblem, the music and the text of the Azerbaijan Republic National Anthem shall be defined by the Constitutional Law.

From the Website of the Presidency of Azerbaijan, located by Dov Gutterman, 4 March 1999

A flag with fringes can be seen behind the president at another page of the site.

Coat of arms

Coat of armsby Juan Manuel Gabino Villascan & Ivan Sache

The star, also seen in the flag, has the same meaning, the eight different branches of the Turkish people. This eight-pointed star fimbrated in gold, is superimposed on three circles: the inner one is green, the middle one is red, and the outer one is blue. Those colors match the flag colours.
Between each star point and over the blue circle, there is one smaller eight-pointed star, frimbrated in gold too.
Inside the main central star there is a fire, and according to an etymological dictionary by Guido Gómez Silva (published by the Fondo de Cultura Económica), this fire recalls the country's name: Land of fire or Land of the fire. This fire symbolizes also freedom.
The shield stands on a golden ear of corn (not shown above).

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascan, 30 December 1999

The national anthem

"Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!
You are the country of heroes!
We will die so that you might be alive!
We will shed our blood to defend you!
Long live your three-coloured banner!
Thousands of people sacrificed their lives
You're become the field of battles.
Every soldier fighting for you,
Has become a hero.
We pray for your prosperity,
We make sacrifice our lives to you
Our sincere love to you,
Comes from the bottom of our hearts.
To defend your honour,
To hoist your banner,
All the young people are ready.
Glorious motherland,
Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!"

Also from the Website of the Presidency of Azerbaijan, where the anthem can be played using a mid-player as helper application.

Ivan Sache, 17 June 1999

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