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Wallonia (Belgium): Flag laws and specifications

Last modified: 2002-10-12 by ivan sache
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Laws on the flag of the French Community

Law of the Walloon Assembly of 16 March/20 April 1913

The Walloon Assembly was the assembly of the Walloon Movement (Mouvement Wallon), not the assembly of a Walloon Region or Community, which did not exist at that time.
The proportions of the flag was then 1:1, according to Yves Moreau: La génèse du drapeau wallon (Enquêtes du musée de la vie wallonne, Tome XVI, 63ème-64ème années, N°185-188. 1987).

Law of 20 July 1975

This law prescribed the flag of the French Cultural Community. (Communauté culturelle française) The law mentioned also a Community day.

Law of the 3 July 1991

This law was about the emblems of the French Community, which had replaced the French Cultural Community. The law text includes official pictures (black and white) for the flag (2:3), arms and seal, and specifications concerning the position of the rooster in the flag:

    "Le coq hardi est inscrit dans un cercle non apparent dont le centre coïncide avec celui du tablier, dont le diamètre est égal au guindant et dont la circonférence passe par les extrémités des pennes supérieures et inférieures de la queue et par l'extrémité de la patte levée. L'horizontalité du coq est déterminé par une droite non apparente joignant le sommet de sa crète à l'extrémité de la penne supérieure de la queue."

    "The bold rooster is inscribed in an invisible circle, the center of which is the same as the center of the field, the diameter of which is equal to the hoist and the circumference of which goes through the tips of the upper and lower feathers of the tail and the tip of the raised foot. The horizontality of the rooster is determined by an invisible straight line from the top of the crest to the tip of the upper feather of the tail." Translation by Bill Thayer, 19 May 1996

There is also a standard for the high authorities of the Community. It is yellow with the red rooster, red and yellow fringed and has the proportions 26:30 (cm).

Mark Sensen, 10 May 1996


Law on the flag of the Walloon Region

384 (1997-1998) - N 1
WALLOON PARLIAMENT
SESSION 1997-1998
10 JUNE 1998

PROPOSAL OF DECREE
Establishing the Walloon Regional Day and the emblems of the Walloon Region

proposed by Messrs. M. Bayenet, S. Kubla, A. Lié'nard et J. Daras.

PREAMBLE

The identity of a Region is conveyed by several elements, the first of them being the recognition of a flag and the establishment of a Regional Day. The Walloon rooster, proposed here as the emblem of the Walloon Region, became officially on 24 June 1975 the official emblem of the French Community.

The rooster's history extended over three-quarters of a century and is definitively linked to the Walloon Movement. Addressed for the first time on 2 October 1905 during a meeting of the Walloon League of Liège, the question of adoption of a Walloon flag motivated several debates. The adoption of the symbol of the rooster, proposed by a correpondent of the newspaper Le Réveil Wallon in the release of 19 December 1907, was accepted by the Walloon circles and finally, on 20 April 1913, by the Walloon Assembly.

The model realised by the artist Pierre Paulus was officially adopted by a commission of the Assembly on 3 July 1913. Since then, the rooster has been indisputably recognized in all circles as the straightforward symbol of Wallonia.
Therefore, we found it necessary to establish it by a Decree as the official emblem of the Walloon Region.

Moreover, the establishment of an official Regional Day should be based on two facts: first, there is a celebration Day [27 September] specific to the French Community, Community of the French-Speakers from Wallonia and Brussels, celebrating the days of struggle for independence of 1830; second, according to the various local traditions, the Wallon festivities have always occurred in September.
Consequently, the authors of the present proposal propose to establish as official Walloon Regional Day the third Sunday of September, the day of the most important festivities taking place in the city of Namur, the capital city of the Walloon Region.

PROPOSAL OF DECREE (repeating the proposal title)

  • Article 1. The Walloon Regional Day shall be celebrated every year on the third Sunday of the month of September.
  • Article 2. The arms of the Walloon Region are Gold, a bold rooster of Gules; they shall be designed according to the model shown in annex 1 of this decree. The bold rooster of these arms can be used separately as the symbol of the Region.
  • Article 3. The seal of the Walloon Region shall bear the bold rooster from the arms with the caption REGION WALLONE. The caption shall be placed between two circles according to the model shown in annex 2 of this Decree.
  • Article 4. The flag of the Walloon Region shall be yellow with a red bold rooster. According to the model shown in annex 3 of the present Decree, this flag shall have proportion 2:3. The bold rooster shall be inscribed in an invisible circle, the center of which is the same as the center of the field, the diameter of which is equal to the hoist and the circumference of which goes through the tips of the upper and lower feathers of the tail and the tip of the raised foot. The horizontality of the rooster shall be determined by an invisible straight line from the top of the crest to the tip of the upper feather of the tail.
    The flag of the Region shall be hoisted on the third Sunday of September on public buildings located on the territory of the Walloon Region.
    In the Region, the flag shall also be hoisted on official buildings in the same conditions and on the same days as the national flag.
    The Walloon Government may want to prescribe the hoisting of the flag on other days on the buildings mentioned in the previous paragraphs.
  • Article 5. The high authorities and the official representatives of the Walloon Region may want to use, in the exercise of their duties, a distinctive ceremonial marking. This marking, according to the model shown in annex 4 of this decree, shall be a flag of proportion 26:30, designed as the flag described in article 4 and bordered with a yellow and red fringe.

Original French text of the Decree can be found on the Wallonie-en-ligne website.

Ivan Sache, 8 July 2001


Construction sheet for the flag

[Construction sheet for the flag]by Mark Sensen

After annex 3 of the adoption Decree.





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