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Brazilian Navy

Marinha do Brasil

Last modified: 2003-07-05 by joe mcmillan
Keywords: navy | cruzeiro | jack | star (white) | pennant | commissioning pennant | warship pennant | star: 21 |
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National Ensign

Bandeira Nacional

[Brazil] by Joseph McMillan

See also:


Bandeira do Cruzeiro

[Brazilian Jack] by Ivan Sache

The Brazilian jack is known as the Cruzeiro flag: 21 white stars on a dark blue field - a horizontal row of 13 and a vertical column of 9, orthogonally displayed (therefore with one star in common, so that total is 13+9-1=21).
Ivan Sache, 1 July 1998

Proportions 3:4. The famous Brazilian Cruzeiro is of importance as it is the basis for a whole set of Brazilian naval flags. It seems to me that the number of stars is maintained on 21 even if the number of the states has changed over the years, and that sporadical reports of a different number are erroneous unless some further evidence is shown. Those reports that agree with the number of stars as 21 seem to all agree in the their distribution--4 above and 4 below the central star and 6 on each side.
Zeljko Heimer, 23 March 2001

Twenty-seven stars have been introduced by law of 11 May 1992 into the national flag, but the jack goes on unchanged, according to a letter dated 19 November 1992 from the Brazilian attaché in Paris.
Armand Noel du Payrat, 23 March 2001

I note that in the Ceremonial code of the Brasilian Navy (MB Cerimonial) this flag is consistently referred to as a Bandeira do Cruzeiro and not by whatever the generic Portuguese word is for "jack." I even found a US Foreign Broadcast Information Service lexicon of Portuguese military terminology at that actually translates bandeira do cruzeiro as "jack."
Joseph McMillan, 23 March 2001

According to Clovis Ribeiro's Brazões e bandeiras do Brasil (1933), the Cruzeiro flag was originally adopted by decree 544 of 18 December 1847. The Joseph McMillan, 20 October 2002

Command (Commissioning) Pennant

Flâmula de Comando

Brazilian Warship Pennant
by Zeljko Heimer

Source: Album des Pavillons, 2000

Long triangular navy blue pennant with 21 stars in line, offset to the hoist. Ratio is not indicated, but from the image in Album 2000 it appears to be about 1:24. The MB Cerimonial also pictures another pennant called "Command Pennant," which is of the same basic design but much shorter (about 1:7). What the functional difference is between the two similar blue pennants I don't know.
Zeljko Heimer, 24 March 2001

MB Cerimonial is distinguishing between the masthead pennant at the end of a commission (flâmula de fim de commisão) and the simple commissioning pennant (flâmula de comando). The regulation spells out that the former is used only on the ship's last voyage before decommissioning. It is equivalent to the British "paying off pennant" or the American "homeward bound pennant."
Joseph McMillan, 24 March 2001

The "General Ordinance for Brazilian Navy Flags," approved by Decree of 6 February 1942, describes the "command pennant" as having as many white stars as the states of Brazil, the stars covering half the length of the pennant. The ordinance gives the dimensions of command pennants as 5 x 100 cm, 7 x 50 [sic; probably 150] cm, 13 x 300 cm, 17 x 400 cm, and 20 x 500 cm. The distance between the stars equals 1/4 of the hoist at the head of the pennant. The stars are sized to be circumscribed by an imaginary circle occupying 2/3 of the width of the flag at the location of each star, so that the stars diminish in size as they go from hoist to fly. According to the ordinance, this pennant could be flown on a merchant ship commanded by a naval officer.
Joseph McMillan, , 22 April 2001

Naval Aircraft Marking

Naval Aircraft Marking (Brazil)by Zeljko Heimer

Source: Album des Pavillons, 2000

Concentric rings of green, yellow, and navy blue. The note to the figure in Album 2000 explains that a white anchor is painted near the roundel, and that the fin flash of green and yellow vertical bars is sometimes fimbriated with blue.
Zeljko Heimer, 25 March 2001