Last modified: 2002-11-23 by jarig bakker
Keywords: botswana | africa | bechuanaland | pula |
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2:3~ by Mark Sensen and António Martins, 22 Apr 1999
Flag adopted 30 September 1966
I returned today after ten days in Botswana. Flag flying is not very
common and is mainly restricted to the government and the larger commercial
organisations. Many of the flags which I saw were in a very sorry state
of repair - a case of up the pole and forgotten! On further inquiry I learned
that there is a law which requires government permission to be granted
before the flag of Botswana can be flown. How effectively this is implemented
(if at all) is unclear but it might explain the lack of flags. Certainly
there were no flags available for purchase.
Bruce Berry, 14 April 1998
The colour shade for the blue used on the national flag is being discussed
by the Cabinet. That has been a problem with standardisation and
so flags with various shades of blue (from different manufacturers) are
seen and the government wants to change this. As soon as I get the
confirmed details, I will share them with you.
Bruce Berry, 10 May 2001
PART I Blazon of the Arms or Ensigns Armorial of Botswana
Argent three barrulets wavy in fesse azure between in chief three cog-wheels, one above engaged with two below and in base a bull's head caboshed proper, and for the supporters on either side a zebra the dexter supporting an elephant's tusk the sinister a stalk of sorghum proper. Motto "Pula".
PART II Design of the National Flag of Botswana
Five horizontal stripes having colour and width as follows, that is
to say taken from the top_
1st Stripe_azure blue having a width equal to 9/24ths of the total depth of the flag.
2nd Stripe_white having a width equal to 1/24th of such depth.
3rd Stripe_black having a width equal to 4/24ths of such depth.
4th Stripe_white having a width equal to 1/24th of such depth.
5th Stripe_azure blue having a width equal to 9/24ths of such depth.
PART III Design of the Standard of the President of Botswana
An azure blue flag with a black circular disk (having a diameter equal to 12/24ths of the depth of the flag) superimposed on the centre of the flag, a white circular disk (having a diameter equal to 10/24ths of the depth of the flag) superimposed on the centre of the black disk and the coat of arms superimposed on the white disk.
Source: Governmental document about Botswana Emblems.
Santiago Tazon, 27 Apr 2001
This agrees well with what I posted recently based on Album 2000 information.
However, I drew the white disk on presidential flag sized 11/24 (as I had
no numbers there).
Zeljko Heimer, 30 Apr 2001
The construction sheet is provided along the edges of the figure so
(9+1+4+1+9):36. The image at FOTW agrees well with this, either Mark Sensen
was aware of this data or he had a good artistic feeling.
Source: Album 2000.
Zeljko Heimer, 18 Mar 2001
Who was "El Negro de Banyoles"?
Ca. 1830, two French adventurers-naturalists established in Capetown, Jules and Edouard Verreaux, unearthed the corpse of a tribal chief shortly after his funeral and stuffed him using taxidermy methods. In 1888, the Catalan veterinarian Francisco Darder, then curator of the zoo of Barcelona, bought the stuffed corpse, known as "the Bechuana", and exhibited it later in the Darder Museum he founded in 1916 in Banyoles (province of Gerona) to display his naturalist's collections. "El Negro" became a source of fascination and legends for the inhabitants of the city.
In 1991, the physician Alphonse Arcelin, of Haitian origin, asked the municipality to remove definitively the corpse from the Museum. The corpse was removed from the Museum during the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games to avoid a risk of boycott by African countries.
In 1996, the spanish government decided to avoid an international crisis and asked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to find a solution. Since the warrior had lived in Southern Africa, and even if his real ethnical origin is unknown, the government of Botswana decided to claim and re-bury the corpse. The warrior had probably lived in what is now South Africa, but South Africa was not considered a suitable solution because of its political situation.
In September 2000, the corpse was removed nightly from the Museum, sent to Gaborone and buried during an official ceremony in the Tsholofelo park in Gaborone. Since it was not possible to decide whether the warrior was a Tswana, a Bosjesman or a Khoisan, he was re-buried as an "African".
Ivan Sache, 26 Nov 2000