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Colombia - Political Flags

Last modified: 2003-08-16 by dov gutterman
Keywords: colombia | m19 | popular national alliance | farc ep | moir |
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Traditional Political Parties - The Liberal Party and The Conservative Party

Partido Conservador Colombiano

Partido Liberal Colombiano

The flags of Colombia's traditional political parties. Both were founded in 1848, the Partido Liberal Colombiano - Liberal Party's traditional color is red, and the Partido Conservador Colombiano - Conservative Party's traditional color is blue. They've shared power for most of the XIX and XX centuries, a famous joke says that the true meaning of the Colombian flag is: Yellow for our riches, blue and red for those that distribute them among themselves. The "L" and "C" were adopted as "official logos" and featured in the flags.
Jaime Vengoechea, 10 Febuary 2003

Bolivarian Movement for the New Colombia (Movimiento Bolivariano para la Nueva Colombia)

by Guillermo Aveledo, 30 November 2000

Here's the flag of the Movimiento Bolivariano para la Nueva Colombia (Bolivarian Movement for the New Colombia), what has been instituted as the political wing of the Revolutionary Armed Force of Colombia - People's Army (FARC-EP), and founded early this year.
The flag is a typical Colombian tricolori, with a portrait of Simon Bolivar (in black and white and certain shades of grey) centered on it. The portrait used is a reproduction of the famous (and supposedly more accurate) portrait of Bolivar engraved by French artist Francois Desire Roulin (1796-1874) at Bogota dated February 15th, 1828.
Oddly enough, it seems an unbecomig choice for a revolutionary party/army: by 1828 Bolivar was serving as dictator of Colombia (then the Great Colombia; the union of Nueva Granada, Quito and Venezuela), allied with conservative and clerical groups who were interested in the union of the republics and, willing to support Bolivar, played for the predominance of Bogota in such an union. The rest is history. Perhaps this paradox is explained by the fact that, in the actual portrait, Bolivar faces rightwards, and not leftwards, as is used by the FARC-EP.
Guillermo Aveledo, 30 November 2000

Communist Revolution

In the 1960's communist revolutionaries in Columbia (FARC) proclaimed the Republics of Marquetalia and Riochiquitos, that is an experiment of comunist-countryman administration in Latin America.
The flag used was probably the FARC flag (red with the name?). But I found now the local flag of Marquetalia:
This is green borderes white. In the centre is a torch white and golden, with flamme yellow and red.
Another city of the territory is named MARULANDA, and this is the name of the FARC head, Manuel Marulanda named too "Tiro Fijo" (Fix Shooting). The flag of the city is black, white and green horizontal.
More information?
Jaume Olle , 24 November 1996

About the Communist Revolution and its flag, I'm not aware that they had a flag, but the actual Independent Republics were seven: Marquetalia (in the border between the Departments of Tolima and Huila), Río Chiquito (in the border between the Departments of Cauca and Huila), El Pato (in the Department of Caquetá), Guayabero, El Duda, Alto Ariari (all three of them in the Department of Meta) and Alto Sumapaz (in the border between the Departments of Meta, Cundinamarca and Tolima) Marquetalia being the most important. These existed from 1955 through 1965 but they became known in a Congress debate in 1964, and short afterwards there was a military operation against them. These 7 "Republics" were in an area plenty of mountains and forrest, along with tall hills and stuff, and they were pretty much together (if you have a Colombian map you can see that they are close to each other).
Ramiro Rivera Sanchez, 19 January 1999

M19 Guerilla Movement

[M19 Guerilla Movement (Colombia)]
by Ivan Sache

Vertically divided blue/white/red, with M-19 in black in the white stripe.
Source: Photography of the funerals of the murdered past-leader of M-19 Carlos Pizarro, flag over the coffin. (Encyclopaedia Universalis, Yearbook 1991, p. 40).
Ivan Sache ,10 December 1998

MOIR - Independent Revolutionary Workers Movement (Movimiento Obrero Independiente y Revolucionario)

by Santiago Tazon, 2 September 2000

Thousands of workers and students marched on the US embassy and other places in Bogota and Cartagena de Indias, protesting because Clinton's visit. They fly several red vertical flags of MOIR (Movimiento Obrero Independiente y Revolucionario) - Independent Revolutionary Workers Movement. MOIR is a Colombian political (communist) party.
Santiago Tazon, 2 September 2000

National Liberation Army (Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional)

by Ivan Sache, 23 Febuary 2002

The flag of Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional is at <>. The flag and emblem of ELN is explained by the organization in this site.
Dov Gutterman, 8 March 1999 and Jaume Olle', 19 April 2001

Popular National Alliance

by Ivan Sache, 6 August 1999

Horizontal blue-white-red. Similar colors to M19 Guerilla Movement flag. Source is Smith (1975) [smi75a], pp. 340-341 ("Symbols in politics"). Smith says that these are real flags and not only party emblems, which may differ in colours when used as emblem or in a flag.
Ivan Sache, 6 August 1999

Revolutionary Armed Force of Colombia-People's Army (FARC-EP Fuerzas Arnadas Revolucionarias de Colombia - Ejercito Popular)

by Pascal Gross and Guillermo Aveledo, 3 June 2000

I found the official site of the FARC guerrilla group on the web, and you can see their flag. It's the same as the colombian flag, but it has a Colombian map along with two assault rifles crossed . There's also a little squared thing, but I can't see much. The link to it is <>. Their official name is: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP) or Revolutionary Armed Force of Colombia-People's Army. The guerrilla group known as FARC-EP was created in 1964.
Ramiro Rivera Sanchez,19 January 1999

I belive that the" little squared thing" is an open book.
Jorge Candeias,20 January 1999

Revolutionary Armed Forces, People's Army (FARC-EP Fuerzas Arnadas Revolucionarias de Colombia - Ejercito Popular) - This well-known guerrilla group is the main guerrilla movement in Colombia, above from the National Liberation Army (ELN). The flag of the FARC-EP is a regular Colombian tricolor with the group's logo on its centre. The logo consists of a Colombiam continental map, in white, fimbriated in black. Within the map we see the letters 'FARC-EP' in a bold type, an open book and a pair of crossed, semi-automatic, rifles.
Guillermo Aveledo, 3 June 2000

A photo of a variant with shield of the FARC flag, appeared on the front page of today's (29 June 2001) Miami Herald, with the headline "Rebels Free Colombian Troops" and the caption describing the release of "242 government soldiers and police released Thursday by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia [FARC] outside La Macarena, in the heart of a 26,000 square-mile area of jungle and savanna under FARC control. The troops were freed by the rebels in a unilateral hand-over after more than three years in captivity".
Al Kirsch and Jaume Olle', 29 June 2001