Last modified: 2003-08-16 by dov gutterman
Keywords: colombia | m19 | popular national alliance | farc ep | moir |
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Partido Conservador Colombiano
Partido Liberal Colombiano
The flags of Colombia's traditional political parties. Both
were founded in 1848, the Partido Liberal Colombiano - Liberal
Party's traditional color is red, and the Partido Conservador
Colombiano - Conservative Party's traditional color is blue.
They've shared power for most of the XIX and XX centuries, a
famous joke says that the true meaning of the Colombian flag is:
Yellow for our riches, blue and red for those that distribute
them among themselves. The "L" and "C" were
adopted as "official logos" and featured in the flags.
Jaime Vengoechea, 10 Febuary 2003
by Guillermo Aveledo, 30 November 2000
Here's the flag of the Movimiento Bolivariano para la Nueva
Colombia (Bolivarian Movement for the New Colombia), what has
been instituted as the political wing of the Revolutionary
Armed Force of Colombia - People's Army (FARC-EP), and
founded early this year.
The flag is a typical Colombian tricolori, with a portrait of Simon Bolivar (in black and white and certain shades of grey) centered on it. The portrait used is a reproduction of the famous (and supposedly more accurate) portrait of Bolivar engraved by French artist Francois Desire Roulin (1796-1874) at Bogota dated February 15th, 1828.
Oddly enough, it seems an unbecomig choice for a revolutionary party/army: by 1828 Bolivar was serving as dictator of Colombia (then the Great Colombia; the union of Nueva Granada, Quito and Venezuela), allied with conservative and clerical groups who were interested in the union of the republics and, willing to support Bolivar, played for the predominance of Bogota in such an union. The rest is history. Perhaps this paradox is explained by the fact that, in the actual portrait, Bolivar faces rightwards, and not leftwards, as is used by the FARC-EP.
Guillermo Aveledo, 30 November 2000
In the 1960's communist revolutionaries in Columbia (FARC)
proclaimed the Republics of Marquetalia and Riochiquitos, that is
an experiment of comunist-countryman administration in Latin
The flag used was probably the FARC flag (red with the name?). But I found now the local flag of Marquetalia:
This is green borderes white. In the centre is a torch white and golden, with flamme yellow and red.
Another city of the territory is named MARULANDA, and this is the name of the FARC head, Manuel Marulanda named too "Tiro Fijo" (Fix Shooting). The flag of the city is black, white and green horizontal.
Jaume Olle , 24 November 1996
About the Communist Revolution and its flag, I'm not aware
that they had a flag, but the actual Independent Republics were
seven: Marquetalia (in the border between the Departments of
Tolima and Huila), Río Chiquito (in the border between the
Departments of Cauca and Huila), El Pato (in the Department of
Caquetá), Guayabero, El Duda, Alto Ariari (all three of them in
the Department of Meta) and Alto Sumapaz (in the border between
the Departments of Meta, Cundinamarca and Tolima) Marquetalia
being the most important. These existed from 1955 through 1965
but they became known in a Congress debate in 1964, and short
afterwards there was a military operation against them. These 7
"Republics" were in an area plenty of mountains and
forrest, along with tall hills and stuff, and they were pretty
much together (if you have a Colombian map you can see that they
are close to each other).
Ramiro Rivera Sanchez, 19 January 1999
by Ivan Sache
Vertically divided blue/white/red, with M-19 in black in the
Source: Photography of the funerals of the murdered past-leader of M-19 Carlos Pizarro, flag over the coffin. (Encyclopaedia Universalis, Yearbook 1991, p. 40).
Ivan Sache ,10 December 1998
by Santiago Tazon, 2 September 2000
Thousands of workers and students marched on the US embassy
and other places in Bogota and Cartagena de Indias, protesting
because Clinton's visit. They fly several red vertical flags of
MOIR (Movimiento Obrero Independiente y Revolucionario) -
Independent Revolutionary Workers Movement. MOIR is a Colombian
political (communist) party.
Santiago Tazon, 2 September 2000
by Ivan Sache, 23 Febuary 2002
The flag of Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional is at <www.eln-voces.com>.
The flag and emblem of ELN is explained by the organization in
Dov Gutterman, 8 March 1999 and Jaume Olle', 19 April 2001
by Ivan Sache, 6 August 1999
Horizontal blue-white-red. Similar colors to M19
Guerilla Movement flag. Source is Smith (1975) [smi75a], pp. 340-341 ("Symbols
in politics"). Smith says that these are real flags and not
only party emblems, which may differ in colours when used as
emblem or in a flag.
Ivan Sache, 6 August 1999
by Pascal Gross and Guillermo Aveledo, 3 June 2000
I found the official site of the FARC guerrilla group on the
web, and you can see their flag. It's the same as the colombian
flag, but it has a Colombian map along with two assault rifles
crossed . There's also a little squared thing, but I can't see
much. The link to it is <burn.ucsd.edu/~farc-ep>.
Their official name is: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de
Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP) or Revolutionary Armed
Force of Colombia-People's Army. The guerrilla group known as
FARC-EP was created in 1964.
Ramiro Rivera Sanchez,19 January 1999
I belive that the" little squared thing" is an open
Jorge Candeias,20 January 1999
Revolutionary Armed Forces, People's Army (FARC-EP Fuerzas
Arnadas Revolucionarias de Colombia - Ejercito Popular) - This
well-known guerrilla group is the main guerrilla movement in
Colombia, above from the National Liberation Army
(ELN). The flag of the FARC-EP is a regular Colombian tricolor
with the group's logo on its centre. The logo consists of a
Colombiam continental map, in white, fimbriated in black. Within
the map we see the letters 'FARC-EP' in a bold type, an open book
and a pair of crossed, semi-automatic, rifles.
Guillermo Aveledo, 3 June 2000
A photo of a variant
with shield of the FARC flag, appeared on the front page of
today's (29 June 2001) Miami Herald, with the headline
"Rebels Free Colombian Troops" and the caption
describing the release of "242 government soldiers and
police released Thursday by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of
Colombia [FARC] outside La Macarena, in the heart of a 26,000
square-mile area of jungle and savanna under FARC control. The
troops were freed by the rebels in a unilateral hand-over after
more than three years in captivity".
Al Kirsch and Jaume Olle', 29 June 2001