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Czech municipalities

Last modified: 2001-11-16 by jarig bakker
Keywords: czech republic | municipalities |
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Status of cities

Except for the capital City of Prague (Hlavni mesto Praha) there are 16 cities (cities with special position) in Czechia (Act. Nr. 128/2000, Paragraph 4) - Kladno, Ceske Budejovice, Plzen, Karlovy Vary, Usti nad Labem, Liberec. Hradec Kralove, Pardubice, Jihlava, Brno, Zlin, Olomouc, Ostrava, Opava, Havirov and Most.
Other urban municipalities are simply Towns.
The City mayor is Primátor, the City authority is Magistrát. Plzen, Brno and Ostrava are Urban Districts - there are no District Offices (e.g Okresni urad Brno - Mesto) there. Those three cities plus Pardubice and Usti have subdivisions - Obvody (Borough - Mestsky obvod Ostrava- Krasne Pole) or Mestske casti (may be translated many ways. - e.g. official Brno Internet presentation speaks of City districts).  The town Mayor is Starosta.
Aleš Křižan, 4 Dec 2000

These Czech flags are certainly interesting. While not every one is very atractive (but many are) they are certainly many of them are quite unusual and "experimental" towards new variations in vexillography. I believe that the "rounded hoist triangles" are such an example - I don't think it's been seen before, but still quite striking, simple and "vexillologically correct" design. There were shown some others that would deserve to be pointed out, too. Is there any overview (I'm sure there is, vexillology seems to be quite strong in Czech Republic; but could we get it on FOTW, at least a summary) over the Czech local flags? There seems to be very little uniformity or system in Czech local flags - some are bi- or tricolours, with or without COAs or heraldic devices directly on them, others are banners of arms while others are quite original vexillographic works.
Zeljko Heimer, 10 May 2001

The Czech municipal flags represent two historical layers: the traditional pre-1990 flags are usually horizontal bi- or tricolors, often identical for several towns (e.g. Prague = Ceske Budejovice, many WB bicolors). After 1990, most new flags are officially assigned to the towns (and villages) by the chairman of the House of Representatives of the Czech Parliament, after thorough expert discussion by the subcomitee for heraldry and vexillology of the Parliament. This monumental flag-making
activity is step-by-step overviewed by Petr Exner (a subcomitee member) in his 'Vexilologicky lexikon', as well as in the journal Vexilologie.
The vexillological subcomittee insists that several vexillographical criteria should be followed: a new flag should not include the whole COA and that the flag must be of 2:3 ratio.  Moreover, most of flags are more or less derived from the municipality's
heraldical colors (exceptions - e.g. Tabor and Dvur Kralove nad Labem).
Jan Zrzavy, 10 May 2001


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