This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Flags of the Armed Forces 1933-1945 (Germany)

Deutsche Wehrmacht

Last modified: 2002-05-31 by santiago dotor
Keywords: third reich | rank | minister: war | commander in chief | disc (white) | swastika | cross: swastika (black) | iron cross | cross: formy (black) | eagle (black) | eagles: 2 | bordure (faceted) | batons: crossed | eagle (white) |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors

See also:

Defense Minister's Flag 1933-1935

Flagge des Reichswehrministers

[Defense Minister 1933-1935 (Germany)] 1:1
by Tom Gregg

This was a square flag with an Iron Cross on a black-white-red, square tricolour with a broad white (inside) and a narrow black (outside) border. Used 1933 to 1935. A black and white version is given in Davis 1975.

Norman Martin, 1998

Flag of the War Minister 23rd June - 5th October 1935

Flagge des Reichskriegsministers

The War Minister's flag was a square flag with a narrow black outer border and a wide white inner border, and the center field being basically the same as the Defence Minister's Flag 1933-1935 (which it replaced) — a bordered Iron Cross on a black-white-red tricolor, though somewhat smaller than it. At each corner of the large white border is a black Nazi National Eagle. Around the white field was a black-white-black border. Davis 1975 has a black and white version. This flag was used only from 23 June to 5 October 1935 and was then replaced by the flag of the War Minister and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.

Norman Martin, January 1998

Flag of the War Minister and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces 5th October 1935 - 4th February 1938

Flagge des Reichskriegsministers und Oberbefehshaber der Wehrmacht

[War Minister and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces 1935-1938 (Third Reich, Germany)] 1:1
by Jaume Ollé [?]

A red square flag with a black-white-black bordered white disk with a black-white bordered swastika — thus similar in effect to the ensign but with a centered disk. In the 1st and 4th field a white-black-white bordered black Iron Cross, in the 2nd and 3rd a white bordered black Nazi National Eagle. In use 5 October 1935 to 4 February 1938. Davis 1975, p. 83.

Norman Martin, January 1998

This flag was used by Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg from 1935 until his dismissal from office in 1938. At that time the office of War Minister was abolished and most of its administrative functions were assumed by the new Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) under Colonel-General (later Field Marshal) Wilhelm Keitel. A new flag was introduced for Keitel's use; when he was promoted to Field Marshal. Hitler himself took over as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.

Tom Gregg, 14 June 1998

Flag of the Chief of the High Command of the Armed Forces 1938-1941

Flagge des Chefs des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht (OKW)

[Chief of the OKW 1938-1941 (Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

A black-white bordered red swallow-tailed flag, at the center a white disk with an inner black-white-black border, in the center of the disk a black-white bordered black swastika. Illustrated in Flaggenbuch 1939, pl. VI and Davis 1975, p. 83. Adopted 1938. Not used after 1941.

Norman Martin, January 1998

In 1938 Hitler assumed the powers of the War Minister after dismissing Field Marshal von Blomberg from that post and reorganizing the Ministry into the High Command of the Armed Forces — Oberkommando der Wehrmacht or OKW. That is why the previous flag was abolished in 1938. This flag and the following were used by Colonel-General —from 1941 Field Marshal— Keitel as Chief of the OKW.

Tom Gregg, 18 December 1997

Flag of a Field Marshal as Chief of the High Command of the Armed Forces 1941-1945

Flagge eines Generalfeldmarschalls als Chefs des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht (OKW)

[Field Marshal as Chief of the OKW 1941-1945 (Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

Same as [the 1938 flag] with crossed marshal's batons with a gold Nazi Party type eagle superimposed. Illustrated in Flaggenbuch 1939, pl. Vb (color) and Davis 1975, p. 46 (black and white). Adopted 1941.

Norman Martin, January 1998

Command Flag for Armed Forces Commanders

Kommandoflagge für Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber

[Armed Forces Commander (Third Reich, Germany)] 1:1
by Jaume Ollé

Square flag, with concentric equal width squares, black-white-red, with silver a Nazi party type eagle carrying a wreath containing a swastika on the red square. On the bottom of the red square, the word Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber.

Norman Martin, March 1998

Command Flag for Military Governors

Kommandoflagge für Militärbefehlshaber

[Military Governor (Third Reich, Germany)] 1:1
by Jaume Ollé

Square flag with concentric fields of equal width of black-white-red. On red square, silver Nazi national eagle, with swastika in its talons. Below the swastika, the words Militärbefehlshaber.

Norman Martin, March 1998

It should perhaps be noted that a Militärbefehlshaber was the regional governor of the occupied territories (see also my Third Reich Factbook) that were under the control of the Wehrmacht:

  • Militärbefehlshaber Belgien und Nordfrankreich (in Brüssel)
  • Militärbefehlshaber Frankreich (in Paris)
  • Militärbefehlshaber Saloniki-Ägäis
  • Militärbefehlshaber Serbien (in Belgrad)
  • Militärbefehlshaber Südgriechenland
A Militärbefehlshaber was a military governor (a general) of the occupied territories that were under military control (the ones I listed above), that is he was head of the civilian administration, police etc. Whereas a Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber was —if I remember correctly— the higher military commander of the military units in a certain area (regardless of whether this area was controlled by a Militärbefehlshaber or not), for example the Netherlands or Hungary.

Marcus Wendel, 10 and 13 July 2000

CHANNELS :: Compare Country infoCountry guide & StudyFlagsMapsSightseeingTravel WarningsHotel Directory DESTINATIONS :: AsiaAfricaCaribbean Middle EastNorth AmericaSouth AmericaCentral AmericaOceania PacificEuropePolar Regions UTILITIES :: WeatherWorld TimeISD CodesTravel Links Link Exchange
DestinationsMonuments WONDERS :: AncientModernNatural | Privacy Policy