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Baden-Württemberg (Germany)

Baden-Württemberg State, Land Baden-Württemberg

Last modified: 2002-11-23 by santiago dotor
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[State Flag variant 1 (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 3:5
by Marcus Schmöger
Flag adopted 29th September 1954

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In 1952 the Länder of [South] Baden, Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern merged to form the Land Baden-Württemberg, with capital at City of Stuttgart. Source: Chamber's World Gazetteer and Geographical Dictionary, 1954.

Jarig Bakker, 18 July 2000

The Land of Southern Baden used a yellow-red-yellow horizontal tricolour. The Land of Württemberg-Hohenzollern used a black-red horizontal bicolour. After a referendum, all three Länder were merged on 25th April 1952 as Baden-Württemberg. The flag for the new Land was adopted on 29th September 1954. Between 25th April 1952 and 29th September 1954 no official flag existed and probably the previous flags were used.

The adopted flag was a plain black-yellow horizontal bicolour. The Arms include the three lions of the House of Hohenstaufen, lords of the Duchy of Swabia [Schwaben]. The lesser arms are added to the state flag. Adopted 29th September 1954.


The three regulations concerning the flags of the Land Baden-Württemberg are:

  1. The Constitution (Verfassung des Landes Baden-Württemberg) of 11th November 1953, published in the Gesetzblatt für Baden-Württemberg (Law Gazette) p. 173. The relevant article is:
    Art. 24 [Landesfarben]
    (1) Die Landesfarben sind Schwarz-Gold.
    (2) Das Landeswappen wird durch Gesetz bestimmt.
    Art. 24 [State Colours]
    (1) The colours of the State are black-gold.
    (2) The coat-of-arms of the State will be determined by law.
  2. The law on the coat-of-arms of Baden-Württemberg (Gesetz über das Wappen des Landes Baden-Württemberg) of 3rd May 1954, in force since 21st May 1954, published in Gesetzblatt für Baden-Württemberg (Law Gazette) p. 69.
  3. The regulation of the government of the Land on the use of its coat-of-arms (Verordnung der Landesregierung über die Führung des Landeswappens) of 2nd August 1954, in force since 1st August 1954, published in Gesetzblatt für Baden-Württemberg (Law Gazette) p. 139.
Anyway, the last mentioned regulation defines the use of the greater and lesser arms of Baden-Württemberg. As these arms are also used on the flag (greater arms without supporters), there are several variants of the flag. The greater arms (and accordingly the state flag with the great arms) is used by the government, the prime minister, the ministries, the representative to the Federal Government, the higher courts of justice, the audit office and the district governments. The lesser arms is used by the other government agencies. As an attachment to the regulation there are also patterns of the relevant flags; I used these for making the GIFs.

There are mainly four groups of flags mentioned: Hißfahnen (horizontal, hoisted flags — the civil flag and the state flag with lesser arms and with great arms); Hängefahnen (vertical, hanging flags); Banner (other variant of vertical flags); and Standarten an Dienstkraftwagen (car flags).

Marcus Schmöger, 10 July 2000

State Flag

[State Flag variant 1 (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 3:5      [State Flag variant 2 (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 3:5
both by Marcus Schmöger

The state flag is black on gold (yellow) and has either the lesser arms or the greater arms without supporters in the middle, proportions 3:5.

Pascal Vagnat, 19 December 1995

Service flag for state authorities. Horizontal black-yellow bicolor with at the center the lesser arms. Adopted 29 September 1954. Illustrated in Smith 1975 p. 227.

Norman Martin, May 1998

Civil Flag


[Civil Flag (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 3:5
by Zeljko Heimer

The Land flag is black on gold (yellow) without the arms.

Pascal Vagnat, 19 December 1995

Horizontal black-yellow bicolor. Colors of the arms. In use in the 19th century. Adopted as Landesflagge of Baden-Württemberg 29 September 1954. Illustrated in Pedersen 1970 no. 146.

Norman Martin, May-September 1998

Vertical Flags

Hängefahnen or Banner

[Vertical State Flag variant 1 (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 5:2      [Vertical State Flag variant 2 (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 5:2      [Vertical Civil Flag (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 5:2
both by Marcus Schmöger

The vertical flags (Hängefahnen und Banner) are the civil flag, the state flag with lesser arms and the state flag with greater arms [shown above in opposite order]. These flags can differ in the height from what is depicted in the regulation and GIFfed by me, but the used proportion 5:2 is very common for German vertical flags.

Marcus Schmöger, 10 July 2000

Prime Minister and Other Members of the Government


[Prime Minister (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 1:1
by Marcus Schmöger

The flag of the Minister Präsident [prime minister] is the state flag but square.

Pascal Vagnat, 19 December 1995

This car flag (Standarte an Dienstkraftwagen) is size 30 × 30 cm for the Ministerpräsident and 25 × 25 cm for other members of the government.

Marcus Schmöger, 10 July 2000

Other Authorities

State's Representative to the Federal Government, President of the Audit Office and District Presidents
Leiter der Vertretung des Landes beim Bund, Präsident des Rechnungshofs und Regierungsbezirkpräsidenten

[Other Authorities (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)] 18:25
by Marcus Schmöger

The car flags (Standarten an Dienstkraftwagen) for the Leiter der Vertretung des Landes beim Bund (state's representative to the Federal Government), the Präsident des Rechnungshofs (president of the audit office) and the Regierungsbezirkpräsidenten (district presidents) are 18 × 25 cm.

Marcus Schmöger, 10 July 2000

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