Last modified: 2002-03-08 by santiago dotor
Keywords: lower saxony | niedersachsen | brunswick | stadt braunschweig | braunschweig | coat of arms (lion: rampant) |
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by Stefan Schwoon
Coat-of-arms adopted 1438, last readopted 1963
Red-white with the arms. Sources: flag from Staack 1997, arms from Stadler 1964-1971.
Stefan Schwoon, 20 February 2001
From Ralf Hartemink's International Civic Arms website:
The arms show the lion of the Welfen dynasty and especially symbolise Heinrich des Löwen (Henry the Lion) from the 12th century. The city was a stronghold of the Welfen dynasty. The oldest seal of the city, known from 1231 already shows a lion. A later seal places the lion in a church portal, but mostly the seals show only a lion. The colours are first mentioned in a manuscript from 1366, and are the colours of the Hanseatic League of cities of which Braunschweig was a member. The arms were officially granted in 1438 by King Albrecht II and have not really changed since. In 1963 the arms were reconfirmed.
Literature: Stadler 1964-1971.
Santiago Dotor, 13 December 2001