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Thuringia (Germany)

Thüringen, Free State of Thuringia, Freistaat Thüringen

Last modified: 2002-05-31 by santiago dotor
Keywords: germany | thuringia | thüringen | thueringen | freistaat thüringen | law | coat of arms (lion: rampant barry) | coat of arms (stars: white) | coat of arms (stars: 8) |
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[Thuringia (Germany)] 1:2
by Zeljko Heimer
Flag adopted 11th April 1991

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State Flag


The Land flag is white on red. The state flag is the same with the Arms in the middle. Proportions 1:2 — different from the other German flags.

Pascal Vagnat, 9th December 1995

The colours of the Land were adopted on the 30th January 1991, and the flags (Landesflagge and Landesdienstflagge) on the 11th April 1991.

Pascal Vagnat, 22nd April 1998

Horizontal bicolor white-red, proportions 1:2, in the center the new arms of Thuringia: the old arms of the Landgravate of Thuringia (a red-white striped lion rampant on a blue field, but facing left) and with 8 white 6-pointed stars on the blue. Illustrated in Dorling-Kindersley 1997, p. 122.

Norman Martin, March 1998

Civil Flag


[Civil Flag (Thuringia, Germany)] 1:2
by Zeljko Heimer
Flag adopted 1921, abolished 1935, readopted 1946, abolished 1952, readopted 1991

Flag Law 1991 and Constitution 1994

The first law Gesetz über die Hoheitszeichen des Landes Thüringen was adopted on the 30th January 1991, published on the 31st January in the then Gesetzblatt für das Land Thüringen. It is said in the §2: "Regelungen über die Gestaltung und Führung des Landeswappens, der Landesflagge, des Landessiegels und des Amtschildes trifft die Landesregierung durch Rechtsverordnung" ("The regulations concerning the form/description and the displaying of the coat of arms of the Land, the flag of the Land, the seal of the Land, and the administrative shields are made by the government of the Land with a legal ordinance."). That ordinance was adopted on the 11th April 1991, published in the Gesetz- und Verordnungsblatt für das Land Thüringen of the 26th April 1991.

The Constitution of Thuringia, containing in its article 44.2 the colours and the coat-of-arms of this state, was adopted by the parliament on the 25th Obtober 1993, published on the 29th October 1993, adopted by referendum on the 16th October 1994 by the population, and the result was announced by a Bekanntmachung (notice) of the 26th October 1994, published on the 3rd November 1994. That Constitution entered with this referendum into force.

Pascal Vagnat, 1st May 1998


The government flag includes the Arms in the center. The shield is blue, with a crowned lion (rampant). The lion is divided into eight horizontal stripes, alternating red and white. The crown and claws are gold. Surrounding the lion are eight white six-pointed stars. This is very similar to the Arms of Hesse.

David Lewellen

The modern coat-of-arms shows eight stars. There were seven stars on the Arms of 1921-1933, no stars on the one of 1933-1945 and eight stars on the one of 1945-1952. These stand for:

  1. Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach
  2. Sachsen-Meinigen
  3. Sachsen-Altenburg
  4. Sachsen-Gotha (1826-1918 part of Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha — Coburg became Bavarian in 1920)
  5. Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  6. Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  7. Reuss
  8. former Prussian territories (Regierungsbezirk Erfurt and parts of the Regierungsbezirk Merseburg in the province of Sachsen and the Kreis Schmalkaden in Hessen-Nassau).

Pascal Vagnat, 22nd April 1998

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