Last modified: 2001-06-08 by antonio martins
Keywords: dominican republic | haiti | cross (white) | trinitarian movement | star (white) | stars: 10 | doubt |
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The flag of the Dominican Rebublic has its roots in
the Haitian Flag of the
early 19th century, a horizontal bicolor of blue over red.
The leader of the movement for independence from Haiti,
Juan Pablo Duarte, founded a secret society, the
Trinitarian on 16 July 1838. This name referred to their
religion as well as to the organization of their society,
which limited association between members to cells of three
individuals. As a symbol, they took the Haitian flag and
superimposed a white cross on it. After several unsuccessful
attempts, independence was finally achieved on 27 February
1844. By then the flag of the Trinitarians was modified
slightly by the reversal of the colors at the fly end of
the flag, making the flag as known today.
Dave Martucci, 12 Oct 1999
Acording to [smi75], the current
civil flag originated in 1839, by superimposing a white cross over
the ocupant Haiti's
blue over red.
Primarily the flag of the Trinitaria
movement (also with ten white stars), it become the newly independent
Dominican Repepublic flag in 1844, when the stars were removed.
In a later unspecified date, the fly quarters were
flipped to the current "quartered" position.
António Martins, 20 Feb 1998
The Eastern part of Santo Domingo island asked to
be again a Spanish colony in 1861. I infer from this
that the former colonial
Spanish flag was
This second spanish rule in Santo Domingo was between
18-3-1861 and 11-7-1865.
Jaume Ollé, 02 Nov 1997