Last modified: 2003-07-12 by santiago dotor
Keywords: spain | head of state | franco (general francisco) | columns: 2 | swallowtailed |
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by José Carlos Alegría
65cm × 65cm
by Santiago Dotor
The flag that Generalissimo Franco used as Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces was "purpure a bend engouled of dragon-wolves (dragantes lobos), all or, between the Pillars of Hercules proper, crowned with an open royal crown that in sinister chief and imperially crowned that in dexter base".
Juan Morales, 10 April 1999
Smith 1975 says that Franco used "an old cavalry guidon" as his personal flag. This is wrong. The flag was old indeed, being the Banda Real de Castilla (Royal Bend of Castile), that is, the personal flag of the kings of Castile (also used later on by the Spanish Hapsburg kings). Its primitive origin dates back to the times when Castile was only an Earldom, and the Count of Castile used "Gules a bend Or" as his coat-of-arms, before the canting arms of "Gules a castle triple-towered Or masoned Sable windows and gate Azure" were adopted. Smith's reference to "cavalry" probably derives from the fact that Franco's positional flag was termed in Spanish guión which nowadays indicates a personal flag of a chief-of-state.
Santiago Dotor, 21 October 1999
There were two versions of this standard, as happens nowadays with the king's and the heir prince's standards:
The standard was adopted in 1940, confirmed in 1945 by the Decree on flags, no longer used after 20th November 1975 and abolished by the flags Decree of 1977. I ignore however which of both models (maybe both) did the 1940 Order approve.
Santiago Dotor, 26 March 2001
The source for my GIF was Pedersen 1971b. I used FOTW dark red for the flag, which I believe fits perfectly.
José Carlos Alegría, 31 March 2001