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Zamora Province (Castile and Leon, Spain)

Last modified: 2001-09-08 by santiago dotor
Keywords: spain | castile and leon | zamora | leon | león | stripes: 9 | muga de sayago |
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[Zamora Province (Castile and Leon, Spain)] [Zamora Province (Castile and Leon, Spain) variant]
Two possible variants, the correct flag has white fimbriations and no tails
both by António Martins



See also:


Description

According to the Manual del Estado Español (Handbook of the Spanish State, Spanish text only) by Editorial Lama:

  • historical flag [meaning there is no known adoption date]: "Nueve bandas, ocho de color encarnado, que simbolizan las victorias de Viriato, y una verde situada en la parte superior, concedida a Zamora por el Rey Fernando por su contribución a la batalla de Toro en 1476."
  • historical coat-of-arms [meaning there is no known adoption date]

Pascal Vagnat, 16 July 1999

According to the description reported by Pascal Vagnat, "Nine stripes, eight of [red] flesh colour (...) and one green located in the upper part". I guess this means 1/9th green over 8/9ths red. The nine stripes "stand for the victories of Viriato", a local Iberian leader who resisted to Roman annexation some 2000 years ago. Viriato (or Viriatus) is seen as a remote ancestor and national hero in Portugal, being it's legendary hometown located near Viseu. Zamora is a border province, so it looks right. The flag was granted to Zamora by King Ferdinand (of Castile) in 1476, after the city's role in the Toro battle.

António Martins, 16 July 1999

According to Calvo and Grávalos 1983, pps. 42 and 43, ill. 61:

(...) up to that date [1476] the flag of the city of Zamora was made up of eight vermillion [great - one more shade/variation of red!] stripes, a reminder of the enemy sashes captured by Viriato in his main victories. The Catholic Kings, in reward for the heroic and fortunate acts of the people of Zamora at the battle of Peleangonzalo or Toro (March 1st 1476), decorated the [town] council's flag with the green taffeta [a kind of silk] sash, embroidered by Doña Isabel [Elizabeth I of Castile], which Don Fernando [Ferdinand II of Aragón] was wearing. This colours, of Zamora and of Sayago [a comarca or region of Zamora province which borders Portugal], are the origin of nowadays Portuguese colours. [Sources:] El libro de Zamora [The Zamora Book]; the city coat-of-arms; and Tradiciones infundadas [Baseless traditions, a 1890s work quoted as a vexillological source by Neubecker 1939] by Pedro Fernández Duro.

The original flag as shown in Calvo and Grávalos 1983 shows it made up of nine actual stripes, each of which ends up in a triangular "point".

Santiago Dotor, 20 July 1999

The flags I have seen show a very thin white fimbriation between every two adjacent stripes. The flag seems to be completely rectangular, without swallow-tailed edges. Source: Banderas y Escudos de las Comunidades Autónomas.

Antonio Gutiérrez, 16 September and 19 July 1999


Town of Muga de Sayago

Flag and coat-of-arms at this webpage.

Dov Gutterman, 9 July 2000





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