Last modified: 2003-07-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: napoleon iii | second empire (france) | bee (yellow) | eagle (yellow) |
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by António Martins
On 2 December 1851, the President of the French Republic, Prince
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, dissolved the National Assembly and
established a centralized and authoritarian regime.
On 2 December 1852, the Prince was proclaimed Emperor of the French as Napoléon III.
In July 1870, France declared war to Prussia. During the battle of Sedan (2 September 1970), the Emperor was captured by the Prussians and dethroned on 4 September.
On 19 March 1871, the dethroned Emperor left Germany for England, where he died in 1873.
The national flag used during the Second Empire was the blue-white-red Tricolore flag.
Ivan Sache, 16 December 2001
by Santiago Dotor
Smith [smi75c] illustrates twice
the personal standard of Emperor Napoléon III. Firstly in a
picture showing the Bretagne fully dressed-up to welcome Queen
Victoria, flying the Emperor's flag at the mizzenmast , in place of
the commissioning pennant (page 18), and secondly, in page 136, in a
much clearer illustration.
The standard was the Tricolour for use at sea (stripes 30:33:37), semé of golden bees and with the Imperial Arms rendered in gold in the middle stripe.
It must be noted that:
Santiago Dotor, 11 January 2000
by Santiago Dotor
Napoléon III married in 1853 Countess Eugenia Maria de Montijo de Guzmàn (1826-1920), better known in France as l'impératrice Eugénie.
In 1838, Eugènie came for the first time with her mother in the small village of Biarritz, in the French Pays Basque. When Empress, Eugénie convinced Napoléon III to visit Biarritz in 1854. Next year, the Emperor built in Biarritz the Villa Eugénie, now the Hôtel du Palais, and Biarritz became a reputed sea resort. In 1861, Eugénie gave her name to the newly incorporated municipality of Eugénie-les-Bains, in the department of Landes. The main thermal source there was named L'Impératrice.
The Crown Prince was Eugène Louis Napoléon (1856-1879), better known as le prince Napoléon, who was killed by the Zulus during an expedition in South Africa.
Ivan Sache, 5 March 2003
The Imperial Princes had the same standard as the Emperor but without the Imperial arms.
Source: Siebmachers Wappenbuch, Die Flaggen und Banner der Herrscher und Staaten der Welt [gri78]
Theo van der Zalm, 22 July 2000