Last modified: 2002-01-18 by ivan sache
Keywords: tricolore | monarchie de juillet | louis-philippe | lafayette |
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by António Martins
The revolution of 1830 overthrew the Bourbons, and the new, relatively liberal regime of Louis-Philippe hastened to adopt the Tricolore again (in fact, the Tricolore flag appeared in the arms of the new regime in 1831). The latter never ceased to be the French flag since that date, through all the regime changes.
François Velde, 30 June 1995
During the street insurrections in Paris still known as Les Trois Glorieuses (The Three Glorious [Days]) that caused the abdication of king Charles X (27-28-29 July 1830), the Tricolor flag reappeared after having been banned since 1815 (fall and exile of Napoléon I).
On 30 July 1830, on the balcony of the city hall of Paris, the old
Lafayette gave Louis-Philippe, Duke of
Orléans, both a kiss and a Tricolor flag.
On 1st August, the Duke, then Lieutenant-Général of the kingdom, ordered that France took back "its national colours" (ses couleurs nationales).
Louis-Philippe became later "King of the French" (Rois des Français), as opposed to the former "Kings of France and Navarre" (Rois de France et de Navarre), and similarly to Napoléon I, "Emperor of the French" (Empereur des Français). He promoted important constitutional reforms, such as the suppression of censorship and catholicism as the State religion, changed to "religion of the majority" (religion de la majorité). Louis-Philippe was later nicknamed the "king-citizen" (le roi-citoyen).
Louis-Philippe had always had bad relationships with the Bourbon family, and the controversy still remains in the monarchic circles between the Orléanistes and the Légitimistes. This is of course nothing but theoretical because the probability of a monarchic restoration in France is closed to zero.
Louis-Philippe and his family members were not buried in the "royal necropolis" (nécropole royale) of Saint-Denis basilica, but in the familial royal chapel (chapelle royale) of Dreux, built in 1816.
Ivan Sache, 4 September 2000