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Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

Last modified: 2003-04-26 by jarig bakker
Keywords: federation of rhodesia and nyasaland | southern africa |
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[Flag of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland] by Steven Shea, 15 Aug 1996 and Mark Sensen, 12 Apr 1997

See also:

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, also called Central African Federation was created in 1953, embracing the colony of Southern Rhodesia and the territories of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

The Federation was ended on 31 Dec 1963, and Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland gained independence in 1964 as Zambia and Malawi.
Mark Sensen, 12 Apr 1997

Great Arms of the Federation

[Great Arms of the Federation] by Dean Thomas, 17 Sep 2002

I've found a GIF of the State Arms of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. I thought that it would make a nice addition to your FOTW page on that flag.....
Dean Thomas, 17 Sep 2002

Governor-General's flag

[Governor-General flag] by Zeljko Heimer, 3 Jan 2003

Carr's Flags of the World (1961) has:
"The flag of ther Governor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is similar to those of Australia, Canada, etc. The precise insription is as follows: FEDERATION OF RHODESIA AND NYASALAND.
Jarig Bakker, 2 Jan 2003

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland came into being on 3 September 1953 comprising the colonies of Northern and
Southern Rhodesia and the protectorate of Nyasaland; A Governor-General was appointed in addition to the Governor of the three constituent territories. The Governor-General had the same powers as the local Governors, but represented the Crown with regard to the activates of the Federal Government and was Commander-in-Chief of the Federal armed forces.
There appear to have been two different flags used by the Governor-General: an official flag in proportions 1:2 of dark blue charged with a crowned lion upon a St. Edward's crown, with a gold scroll beneath bearing the words "Federation of Rhodesia and
Nyasaland" and a personal flag.  The official flag follows the pattern approved by King George V in 1930 for use by the
Governors-General of South Africa and Canada, and later adopted as the standard design for use by other Governors-general in
Commonwealth countries, the central device being:
"Upon a royal crown proper a lion statant guardant Or, royally crowned also proper".
The personal and car flag was chosen by the Lord Llewellin, the first Governor-General, on his arrival in the Federation. It was the duty of the Governor-General to authorise the design of a personal flag which was to be a purely local symbol intended for
domestic purposes.  This flag was flown at his residence and on any vehicle in which he travelled and was also used with the
territorial flag when the Governor-General was staying at the Government House of the territory concerned.  The car flag of the
Governor-General took precedence over that of a Governor when both official travelled together.

The design chosen by Lord Llewellin was a pale cream flag charged in the centre with a Flame Lily flower in the centre.
"I have decided to use an African flame lily (Gloriosa Superba) as the emblem, a flower of great beauty which  grows in   each of the three territories which comprise the Federal area) (National Archives of Zimbabwe ref: F201/GG24).
Unfortunately the National Archives of Zimbabwe do not have an example of this flag in its collection and I have not seen any
illustrations. However, a black and white illustration based on the above description was prepared for inclusion in SAVA Journal SJ:5/96 entitled Flags and Symbols of Rhodesia 1890 - 1980 by Richard Allport.
Lord Dalhousie, who succeeded Llewellin, continued to use the Flame Lily flag as his personal standard until the Federation was formally dissolved on 31 December 1963.
Bruce Berry, 20 Jan 2003

There is no red variaion - was there a short lived pre-1953 crown version?
Zeljko Heimer, 23 Mar 2003

Governor-General's flag (incorrect version)

[Governor-General incorrect flag] by Zeljko Heimer, 23 Mar 2003

Some time ago Zeljko Heimer giffed the flag of the Governor General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. I just had a look in Znamierowski's Encyclopedia of Flags (1999), p. 71, where that flag has a red field.
Jarig Bakker, 23 Mar 2003

I queried this with Bruce Berry when the book first came out. He replied:
The illustration in Znamierowski for the G-G of the Federation of Rhodesian and Nyasaland is incorrect.  The field should be the standard dark blue as found in the flags of other G-Gs elsewhere in the "Empire/Commonwealth" at that time.  I guess this is a printing error in the book.  The National Archives of Zimbabwe has such a flag in its collection of which I have a photograph.
David Prothero, 23 Mar 2003

Two Flags

How many other countries have this official policy of flying two flags (state flags don't count, neither do supra-national flags)?

This practice was also followed in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. (Federal flag and Union Jack)
Devereaux Cannon, 10 Jan 1998