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Georgia: Feudal states

Last modified: 2002-06-14 by ivan sache
Keywords: cross (red) | cross (white) | imereti | cross: maltese (red) | tamar |
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Georgian state (V-XVth century)

White field with an emblem, probably Saint George killing the dragon.

Georgians do not call themselves Georgians but Kartvelebi and their land Sakartvelo, These names are derived from a pagan god called Kartlos, said to be the father of all Georgians.
The foreign name Georgia, used throughout Western Europe, is mistakenly believed to come from the country's patron saint, St. George. Actually it is derived from the names Kurj or Gurj, by which they are known to the Arabs and modern Persians. Another theory purports that the name comes from the Greek geo (earth), because when the Greeks came to Georgia they saw the Georgians working the land. The Classical world knew the inhabitants of eastern Georgia as Iberians, thus confusing the geographers of antiquity who thought this name applied only to the inhabitants of Spain.

Source: Rosen & Foxx The Georgian Republic, 1992

Jarig Bakker, 16 August 2000

Feudal kingdom of Georgia (XII-XIVth century)

Two flags are shown:


[Kingdom of Georgia variant]by Ivan Sache

Georgian state 12th centuryby Ivan Sache


West Georgia (XII-XIVth century)

Western Georgiaby Ivan Sache

Imereti kingdom (XV-XVIIIth century)

Imereti kingdomby Ivan Sache


Source for all the above flags: Parliament of Georgia website.

Jean-François Blanc, 15 July 1998

Putative Queen Tamar's flag (XIIIth century)

[Flag of Queen Tamar?]by Jaume Ollé

I received from Tbilisi, through Maurici Espinar, a color photocopy of a small flag (table flag) attached. This is supposed from the Georgian source to be the flag of Adjaria, but it is most probably only a party flag or an historical one.
The flag is white with St Georges cross, and, in each square, a cross that seems to be Tamar cross.

Jaume Ollé, 19 May 2001

Queen Tamar is the personification of Georgia's past glory; she reigned 1184-1213. I don't know whether that was her flag - it looks more like a crusader-flag. Tamar's was a great-grandaughter of King David the Builder (1089-1123), who, assisted by Crusaders, won Tbilisi and quite a lot of other territories from the Saracens (a term used quite arbitrarily those days, as he also conquered large pieces of the Christian kingdom of Armenia).
The Caucasus abounds with myths about Crusaders' descendents still living there. This flag seems to indicate the hunger of some Georgians to rectify.something .

Jarig Bakker, 19 May 2001

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