Last modified: 2002-11-30 by dov gutterman
Keywords: croatia | hrvatska | legislation |
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The only laws that might be of interest to FOTW from Croatia
are the Law on Coat of Arms, Flag, Anthem and Presidential Flag
and Sache, and several (3, if I recall correctly) consecutive
laws on civil sea navigation considering civil ensigns and some
official ensigns on police vessels. There is also a number of
other laws that mention flags, but mostly only in connection with
when some official building should hoist the flag or when it is
included on some official forms.
All these laws are available on line at <www.nn.hr/search/iaquery.exe>. Put zastava as the search word. Unfortunately, the on-line version doesn't have images.
Zeljko Heimer, 3 January 1998
there is an English version of the Law on the Coat-of-Arms,
the Flag, and the National Anthem of the Republic of Croatia, and
on the Flag and Sash of the President of the Republic of Croatia.
I think the Web site is an official one for the Government of
Jan Oskar Engene, 6 January 1998
I forgot about that one. There should be also the English
version of the Constitution of Croatia there, which have certain
provision on the flag (but I haven't checked it lately). The site
is really the site of the Government of Croatia, and I guess that
the translation is made by someone who knows what he is doing (or
should I?, look what we got with translations of
"purple" in Chuvashia).
However, I took to the comparison of the two texts. While I am no lawyer and couldn't guarantee some tricks of that trade, here are some comments of the English text there compared to Croatian original:
Art.11. The flag of the Republic of Croatia shall be displayed: 1. permanently on all the buildings of the state bodies 2. on State holidays 3. during mourning, at half-mast 4. on other occasions if so regulated by law. The flag of the Republic of Croatia shall be flown by ships and other maritime and inland navigation vessels. Details concerning all the above shall be regulated by the Government of the Republic of Croatia.
Art.12. The flag of the Republic of Croatia may be flown: 2. during public meetings (political, scientific, cultural-artistic, sport and others) held in Republic of Croatia, according to the rules and habits of usage on such meetings 3. on other occasions in accordance with the provisions of the law.
Zeljko Heimer, 8 January 1998
The Contitution describes the flag quite
The coat-of-arms of the Republic of Croatia is the historic Croatian coat-of-arms whose base consists of 25 alternating red and white (argent) fields. The flag of the Republic of Croatia consists of three colors: red, white and blue, with the historic Croatian coat-of-arms in the center. The anthem of the Republic of Croatia is ``Our Beautiful Homeland" (Lijepa naa domovino). The description of the historic Croatian coat-of-arms and flag, the text of the anthem, and the use of these and other state symbols shall be regulated by law."
The text of the Law on the flag (etc.) only determines the complicated design of the coat of arms (which is hardly the "historical coat of arms" from the Constitution in the exact sence - but obviously the legislator mean what he meant when writing Constitution and knew what he meant latter in the Law).
For full text of the Constitution in English see: <www.usud.hr/html/the_constitution_of_the_republ.htm> and the Law on the flag see: <www.vlada.hr/english/law.html>)
Zeljko Heimer, 16 November 2002
As you already know, I am passionately searching trough the
laws and regulations of Croatia to find some flags, but I am not
getting any, at least considering the flags that would be most
interesting. However, I have found regulations from 1991 that
describe a temporarily used signals on boats of the harbour
police since the old Yugoslav were obsolete and new weren't
In any case, the Regulations on Boats (Pravilnik o camcima, NN, 1097, 1991 of 11 August 1991) describe the use of two administrative signals. Article 63:
The Art. 58 defines registration numbers, so the sign consists
of the registration number, a digraph for the harbour and the
number 3 (that was the identification number for Croatia in
The best part for the end: Art. 62 says:
That would mean that between 1991 and 1992 the ensign of
Croatia was 23:40 in proportions! In 1992, of course, the new
regulations define ensigns to be 2:3. The same regulations define
the new administrative signals.
Zeljko Heimer, 28 April 1997