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Bilje (Osijek-Baranja, Croatia)

Last modified: 2003-07-12 by dov gutterman
Keywords: osijek | baranja | osjecko-baranjska | croatia | osijek baranja | bilje | barley |
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by Zeljko Heimer

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The Flag

The plant showed on Bilje flag is not wheat but three-row barley. The difference is to be seen in the geometrical arrangement of grains, which are arranged in rows (3 or 6) in barley and in quincunx in wheat. This is difficult to figure out but evident if you have two barley and wheat spikes in the hand. It is often reported that only barley spikes have awn, but several wheat varieties, including modern popular ones, have awn too.
Awn is the generic terms for the "hairs" which emerge from the spike and cause unpleasant itching and allergy to experimentators. In the early time of manual harvesting, breeders tried to eliminate awns. This elimination is now unnecessary because of mechanical harvesting and quite common linkage between awn presence and interesting characteristics.
Ivan Sache , 27 October 1999

The Community

Information provided by Leo Rakovac (Opæina Bilje):
"Community of Bilje is located in Baranya, north of Osijek.The importance of agriculture, in first place grain production is showed with three wheat stalks. National park of Kopacevski Rit, marshy region around confluance of Drava in Dunav, provided food to the inhabitants for centuries, and is still today very atractive fishing area. "
Zeljko Heimer