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Political Parties (Israel)

Last modified: 2003-02-01 by santiago dotor
Keywords: israel | politics | temple mount faithful movement | tnu'at ne'emanei har-habait | judea: state of | state of judea | medinat jehuda |
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The 'Provisional Government' of Israel which was the governing body until the first elections included members who came mostly from socialist parties. The leading party was Israel Land Workers Party (MAPAI) which after some unifications and distributions is today's Israel Labour Party which was in power in 1948-1977 and 1992-1996. The Freedom Movement (Kherut) which also after some unifications is today's Likud Party was a rival fraction in 1948 and therefore had no part in the 'Provisional Government'.

Dov Gutterman, 19 February 1999

The flags used during the 1999 political campaign lacked any vexillological value, in my humble opinion. All parties used flags which were usually the name of the party or a slogan on a bedsheet. There were so many variants to each party, you cannot even speak about semi-official flags. Major parties used combinations of blue-azure-white. Some parties used green on white or red and white.

The only party that showed something that can be considered as a semi-official flag was Meretz. In the flag of Ale-Yarok (Green Leaf) party, the famous green leaf replaced the Magen David on the Israeli flag.

Dov Gutterman, 19 May 1999

Both the Likud party, the Labour party and the Moledet —'homeland', a tiny right wing party— flags all show their logo [instead of the Magen David] on the national flag which is a common practice in Israel since many municipalities follow this pattern too.

Dov Gutterman, 13 December 2000

Temple Mount Faithful Movement

Tnu'at Ne'emanei Har-Habait

Yedi'ot Akhronot newspaper of 23rd May 2001 showed two pictures (first and second) of flags that were carried during the flag dance of Bnei Akiva —a religious youth movement connected with the Mafdal or National Religious Party— that took place the day before in front of Jerusalem wall. There were two kinds of flags in the dance, the national flag and another one based on the national flag with a logo replacing the magen David. The latter is not Bnei Akiva's flag but that of an extreme right-wing political movement named Tnu'at Ne'emanei Har-Habait, Temple Mount Trustees Movement.

Dov Gutterman, 24 May 2001

I located a better picture of the flag at their website. Their official name is the Temple Mount and Land of Israel Faithful Movement.

Dov Gutterman, 30 August 2001

State of Judea 1989

['State of Judea' (Israel)]
by Ivan Sache, modified by Dov Gutterman

In the Flags of Aspirant Peoples chart appears "27. Judea (State of, 1989) (West Bank, Judea & Samaria) - Israel." Similar to national flag, but Magen David replaced by six blue triangles forming a kind of dislocated Magen David, shifted to hoist. The upper right triangle includes a white menorah, the lower left triangle includes something not identified (it reminds me some ritual object, but I am not able to say more - a talith maybe?). There is something written in Hebrew between hoist and lower part of emblem.

Is/was such a flag used by Israeli settlers in the West Bank, who could have proclaimed an "independent" state to show their anger against the Israeli government (or to refuse Israeli administration)? I have tried to reproduce the Hebrew script, probably with mistakes.

Ivan Sache, 13 September 1999

Well, it took me some time to figure it out, but what is supposed to be written there is Gur arie Yehuda (Juda [is a] Lion cub).

Dov Gutterman, 14 September 1999

[This flag is] not in use. It was in use just for a very short period by a very small group of right-wing settlers as a protest against the government. I do not think that they took it too seriously (at least no other one did) and it did not impress the government so this episode was soon to be over. I would not call them aspirant people.

Dov Gutterman, 14 December 2000

The symbol on the bottom left is a head of a lion, as in the inscription, which is blue as well. I happen to own this flag. The State is a project, of sorts, of followers of the late Rabbi(s) Kahane, whose usual symbol, a fist over a Star of David (which appeared on flags in Israel as black on yellow, or, occasionally, yellow on black) is illegal in Israel. However, while the idea of the State, never officially declared as far as I know, is still mentioned (ironically by some left-wingers as well), the flag seems to have fallen into disuse.

Nathan G. Lamm, 4 June 2001

[This is] not correct. Neither the symbol nor the movement are illegal. The movement was banned from taking part in the elections after the Supreme Court decision that it is a racist movement whose aims are in contradiction with the democratic nature of Israel. Also, I have not heard about the State for years.

Dov Gutterman, 5 June 2001