Last modified: 2003-04-19 by rob raeside
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by António Martins, 14 September 1997
Heraldist F. P. de Almeida Langhans published in p. 67 of his Armorial do Ultramar Português (Lisbon, 1965) a general model for the overseas "provinces"' flags: The national flag defaced with the shield of the lesser arms of each province centered in the lower fly quarter of the red field. This proposal was approved in 1967, but never come to effect.
The colonial coas, decreed on 8 May 1935, all had a shield of the same pattern, tierced in mantel, the dexter silver, five escutcheons, saltire, each charged with five bezants, gold, in cross; and the point silver, five waves green. The remaining sinister mantel had some local emblem, which in case of the State of Portuguese India (Goa, Damão and Diu) was Gold, a watermill wheel red and a tower of the same, per pale.
The 1961 annexation of Goa by Indian troops wasn't recognized by Portugal untill 1975.
António Martins, 8 July 1997