Last modified: 2002-07-05 by ivan sache
Keywords: persia | gilan | azadistan | kaveh |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors
In 1915 the liberal and progressive people of Iran created the
movement namedDjangali (from djangal, forest, since the
movement was born in the Gilan forest) under the leadership of Mirza
Kucik Khan, Ihsan Allah Khan and other liberal people (named
Azadikhahan) and constitutionalist people (Mudjahidin).
A Revolutionary Commitee was created, and German, Austrian and
Turkish officers trained the Djangali volunteers . The
movement spread to Gilan and a great part of Mazanderan. In March
1918 an attack against Kazwin failed . A treaty with the British (12
August 1918) granted to Mirza Kucik Khan the domain of Gilan, and the
German, Austrian and Turkish instructors were sent back to their
countries. In 1919 the Cossaks (in the Persian governments' service)
seized the territory of the Djangali.
The flags of the Djangali Revolutionary Comitee and the Republic of Gilan and Mazanderan are unknown to me.
In 1920 the Soviets helped the rest of the remaining people of the Djangali movement. A Soviet ship attacked Enzeli (18 May 1920) and Soviet troops took possession of Resht, Gilan's capital. A new Committee was formed and on the 5 June 1920 Mirza Kucik Khan proclaimed the Socialist Soviet Republic of Perse, and the Soviet Republic of Gilan, with the flag:
by Jaume Ollé
After the treaty between URSS and Iran (26 February 1921) the
Soviet troops retired from Gilan (8 September 1921) and in October
the country was seized by Rida Khan (later on Rida Shah). Mirza was
captured and executed.
(Source: L. Philippe - Flaggenmitteilung [fml] 77)
Jaume Ollé, 01 March 1997 & 08 April 1997
According to my office mate (who is Iranian) the word Kaveh in the canton is the name of a person in Persian history. It was a medieval blacksmith who was leading a rebellion against the local ruler. So, the Gilani people were referring to an earlier revolutionary.
Harald Müller, 05 March 1997
by Jaume Ollé
I read about a government called Azadistan in Tabriz (1920). I suppose that the Persian liberal movement Azadikhahan is related with this government. The flag is the national one, with the inscription Zindabad Azadistanin black in the white stripe .
Jaume Ollé, 08 April 1997
Azadistan means "free land" (free as in freedom).For Azad,
there is also the Pakistan part of Kashmir called Azad
As for the -istan or -astan suffix, it is an indo-iranian root that was borrowed by many Turkish languages and also by the Armenian language (Hayastan).Azadalso means free in Armenian.
Luc Baronian, 10 April 1997