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Senarica (Abruzzi, Italy)

Last modified: 2003-07-05 by dov gutterman
Keywords: italy | abruzzi | l'aquila | senarica | crognaleto | teramo |
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Republic of Senarica

According to Roberto Breschi presantation titled: "The Small Italian States Which Lasted Beyond 1700" at ICV 19 (York,2001), concering the Republic of Senarica (today maybe in l'Aquila province, Abruzzi region), there are no evidence about the flag apart of knowing that it was a gonfalone which had yellow background. The assumption is that it was charged with the CoA (lion) which was located in a church.
Dov Gutterman, 2 August 2001

My searches led me to the conclusion that there's no municipality in Italy bearing that name. The only thing existing is a fraction of the commune of Crognaleto (Teramo province, Abruzzi region).
Valerio Cheli, 12 December 2001

Here are details available from an article by Aldo Ziggioto, published on the bulletin "Armi Antiche", 1987:
SenÓrica is a small village west of Teramo, in central Italy. Numbering less than 300 people, it was an independent republic for about four centuries, being the smallest state achieving an independent status for so long. SenÓrica - and her neighbour village of Poggio Umbricchio -  became independent about 1343, when Queen Giovanna I of Angi˛ granted the area independence because of their fierce opposition against the enemy troops of Ambrogio Visconti (from Milan). SenÓrica rulers were impressed by the splendor of the Republic of Venice, so they modelled their state adopting a similar government configuration. It included a Doge as Head of the State and a lion as the symbol of the State. The arms were a black shield with a silver lion fetching a snake of the same colour. These arms appeared on a gold gonfalon and on the seal as well. In the cathedral is still visible a reproduction of the lion, that in this particular image is topped by a crown. The republic finished by the end of the XVIII century.
Pier Paolo Lugli, 28 January 2002