Last modified: 2003-02-08 by dov gutterman
Keywords: italy | lombardy | lombardia | milan | cross: saint george | viper | snake | crown |
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by Andre' Serranho
About the origin of the white flag with the red cross, some
authors state that in the year 930 the town got the citizenship
of Milan, receiving the standard from the archibishop of Milan,
Lambert. The use of the cross dates back to the X century, well
before the crusades. On the other hand, in 1113 the flag is shown
as the "Admiral flag" and when in 1138 the town
obtained from the Emperor to mint coins, they presented a cross
on a side and a Griphon on the other. This last was the elder
symbol of the Comune and going to last for a long time.
Pier Paolo Lugli, 28 December 1997
by Andre' Serranho
by Jaume Olle', 25 October 1998
Visconti flag 1277-1397. Reconstructed from writen
descriptions. In 1397 the use of imperial eagle was granted by
Empeor. Seems that a flag with three eagles was used until 1537
when Aragon and Castilla King took the country. From the Austria
dinasty the country was in heir to Austria but was occuped
temporary by French. Under Austria a King named "Lombardo
veneto" was created. Their attribued flag was already
posted, but is doubteful. Milan used also the white flag with red
saint george cross.
Jaume Olle', 25 October 1998
Jaume Olle said: "Visconti flag 1277-1397. Reconstructed
from writen descriptions. In 1397 the use of imperial eagle was
granted by Empeor". However in Padanian
Flag of Insubria page, Gallinelli said: "It was granted
by the emperor Wenceslaw in 1395 to Gian Galeazzo Visconti first
duke of Milan, being the dukedom part of the Holy Roman Empire.
That is why the black eagle appears in the first and fourth
quarter" In conclusion Jaume's image is, chronologically,
the first flag of the Dukedom; and the image at Insubria's page
was the evolution after 1395 of the previous flag . So it seems
that the Padanian Flag of Insubria should be considered as a
political flag in its modern use (autonomist of Insubria), but it
is also an historical flag of Milano and Western Lombardy.
Matteo Colaone, 11 November 2000
From 1395 onwards the Visconti family became Duke of Milan and
added the imperial arms to their standard. An interesting
document reports about the title grantin. The Chronicle of
Bernardino Corio, laid down a few years after the event, says
that Benesio, Lieutnant of the Empero Wenceslaw, lead the
cerimony. An Alaman knight bore the Imperial standard on the
right of the future Duke and Ottone Mandello, a knight, bore the
standard of the viper, symbol of the Visconti family, quartered
with the imperial eagle.
A miniature by Anovelo da Imbonate shows the two standards square in shape.
On the burial monument of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, the cerimony is simplified and only the family banner flies: the viper is on a swallow tailed flag.
Source: I 600 anni del Ducato di Milano (600 years of the Dukedom of Milan), D. Pozzagalli, Milano 1996.
pier paolo lugli, 11 June 2001
by Luca Secomandi, 30 October 2000
CoA of Milan Province is sun and moon and it derive from
symbol of Mirasole Abbey in commune of Opera. CoA representing
past with St. George cross (Milan's emblem) for resistance to
foreign invasions, and representing future with blue, colour of
Luca Secomandi, 30 October 2000