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[Flag of Myanmar] Ivan Sache, 29 January 1998

Flag adopted 3 January 1974, coat of arms adopted 1974.

See also:

Meaning of the flag

The flag was adopted on 3 January 1974, the year when Burma became the Socialist Republic of the Burmese Federation. Since then the state has changed its name, but not its flag. The fourteen stars are for 14 states, the cog wheel and rice are for industry and agriculture.
Zeljko Heimer, 24 February 1996


The State Flag is rectangular in shape and its background colour is red with a dark blue canton at the top left corner. A pinion and ears of paddy encircled with fourteen white stars of equal size have been superimposed on the dark blue field of the canton.

The center of the pinion coincides with the center of the blue canton. The pinion has fourteen cogs of equal size and within it are two ears of paddy consisting of 34 grains. At the top of each cog of the pinion is a star with five vertices.

Of the three colours of the flag, red signifies courage and decisiveness, white signifies purity and virtue and dark blue signifies peace and integrity.
contributed by Dov Gutterman, 7 March 1999

National Emblem

From:, the image of the seal:

The distinguishing features of the State Seal are as follows:-

a) At the center of the State Seal is a pinion with fourteen equal-sized cogs on which the map of Myanmar is superimposed. The pinion and the map are encircled with two ears of paddy.

b) The ears of paddy are flanked on each side by an artistic Myanmar Lion. The lion on the right side faces towards the right and the one on the left side faces towards the left.

c) The words "The Union of Myanmar" are inscribed in Myanmar below the lions and the ears of paddy.

d) At the top of the State Seal is a star with five vertices.

e) Myanmar floral designs are etched on either side of the ears of paddy and the star.
contributed by Dov Gutterman, 7 March 1999

The current national emblem was officially adopted on 3rd January 1974 in accordance with Article 191/192 of the constitution of the Union of Myanmar which was adopted by the national referendum conducted in the previous year. However on 18 September 1988 the state law and order restoration council took over the responsibilities of the state. The previous Socialist system ceased to exist when the new government adopted a new policy towards establishing a multiparty democratic system along with a market-oriented economic policy. Therefore the Myanmar word meaning "socialist republic" was deleted from the emblem. Except for that minor alteration the other features of the state emblem remain unchanged.
Received from the Myanmar Embassy to Japan by Nozomi Kariyasu, 16 April 1999

Civil Ensign

[Civil Ensign of Myanmar] Ivan Sache, 29 January 1998

Horizontally divided blue-red, with the arms in the blue stripe at hoist.

Ivan Sache, 29 January 1998

Government Ensign

[Government Ensign of Myanmar] Ivan Sache, 29 January 1998

Government ships ensign (except warships). Blue field with national flag in canton.

Ivan Sache, 29 January 1998

Air Force Ensign

[Air Force Ensign of Myanmar] Mark Sensen, June 1997

Light blue field with national flag in canton and the roundel (blue-white-gold triangle) at the lower fly.

Ivan Sache, 29 January 1998

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