Last modified: 2002-07-05 by jarig bakker
Keywords: mozambique | warflag | roundel |
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The flag is from 'Flags and arms across the world', by Whitney Smith,
1980 - no text.
Does anybody know when this flag was used? Is it still used or has it been replaced?
Jarig Bakker, 8 Feb 2001
I can't give much more info now then I was able in 1996. I am not aware
of any other source then Smith 1980 showing this flag (smi75 does not yet
have it). Certainly, it is not shown in Album recap. 1995 nor Album
2000. OTOH, very similar (or even exactly the same) emblem is used
still nowdays as part of the air force roundel.
(black, red equaliateral triangle pointing up, yellow emblem). The flag
looks more like a party flag, or possible military colour then the war
flag. It may be conceived that such flags were (mis?)reported in 1980 as
war flag as still the country was young and possibly situation was unsetteled.
Zeljko Heimer, 9 Feb 2001
Martins' website is written (my translation):
"In an unusual arrangement, even more so for military flags, this one consisted onf a version of the then national flag with a plain red background and a simplified yellow coat of arms. Very similar to what would become the flag of FRELIMO itself."
Jorge Candeias, 20 Feb 2001
In view of Antonio's caption "Moçambique (1975-1983): bandeira militar"
I assume that it was an army flag of some kind (FRELIMO paramilitaries?),
but not the Mozambican warflag - Mozambique's warflag is its national flag,
Jarig Bakker, 20 Feb 2001
Actually it isn't clear at all. The expression "bandeira militar" means
"military flag". Now, what's a military flag? Either it's a generic term
for any flag used in the military forces, or it's something quite close
to a warflag. But not quite a warflag, I suppose. My impression is that
the status of this flag was pretty close to the status of the Portuguese
military flag. The Portuguese military flag does not replace the national
flag in any circumstance (and therefore is not a warflag) but is the flag
of the Portuguese armed forces. A sort of the top in the hierarchy of branch
and regimental colors.
Jorge Candeias, 21 Feb 2001
The technical term for a military color in a number of Spanish-speaking
countries is "bandera de guerra"--war flag. But it's not a war flag as
used by FIAV, it's (usually) a variation of the national flag with fancier
embroidery and the unit name, motto, etc., on it, carried on parade, not
hoisted above the camp as a substitute for the national flag.
Joe McMillan, 21 Feb 2001
This is most probably correct as respects (some/all?) Central and South
American countries, however it should be stressed that "bandera de guerra"
is only used in Spain to designate the war *ensign*. An army colour is
simply a "bandera" or at most a "bandera del regimiento" etc. Up to the
early 1800s, they used to be called "[bandera] coronela" etc. depending
on whether it was the flag of the regiment's first battalion (i.e. "Leibfahne",
"Drapeaux colonel" or "King's Colour") or not.
Santiago Dotor, 22 Feb 2001
The flag is honoured, yes, but soldiers sware to the *national* flag
when they finish basic instruction, for instance.
Jorge Candeias, 22 Feb 2001
The ex-Portuguese colony became independent in 1975 and formed an armed
combat airforce by 1976. Markings are based on the national flag and consist
of a black disc containing a red triangle. On this area various designs:
a book for education, a hoe for agriculture, and a rifle for the fight
for independence. Aircraft are marked above and below the wings and on
Source: Cochrane and Elliot's 'Military Aircraft Insignia of the World', 1998.
The emblem on the roundel is uncanny similar to the mysterious Mozambican warflag, wherefore I've stolen it from Zeljko Heimers's rendering of that flag and put it on the roundel. Including the indentations or serrations or whatever one might have to call it.
Jarig Bakker, 26 Mar 2001
That's the outline of a cogwheel.
Jorge Candeias, 26 Mar 2001
Black roundel with red up-pointing equilateral triangle containing yellow emblem - cog wheel, book, rifle, hoe and star.
Zeljko Heimer, 1 Jul 2002