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Mozambique Political Parties and Liberation Movements

Last modified: 2001-12-21 by jarig bakker
Keywords: mozambique | fumo | monomotapa | coremo |
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[COREMO flag] by Jens Pattke, 24 Mar 2001

This flag was attributed to the COREMO. What does the name COREMO mean?
Jens Pattke, 24 Mar 2001

It's a small FRELIMO splinter group, the Mozambique Revolutionary Committee - Comité Revolucionário de Moçambique - possibly affiliated with Renamo.
Source: Political Handbook of the World, 1997.
Jarig Bakker, 24 Mar 2001

COREMO was created in Lusaka in 1965. Their ethnic base was makwa.
Jaume Ollé, 26 Mar 2001


[FUMO flag] by Jaume Ollé, 23 November 1996, redrawn by Antonio Martins, 18 Nov 1997

FUMO stands for Frente Unida de Moçambique (United Front of Mozambique), a guerilla liberation movement that operated in West Mozambique and that in 1964 merged into FRELIMO along with UDENAMO, leaving a two party opposition (FRELIMO and RENAMO) fighting against Portuguese domination until 1974 and against each other since then.
Antonio Martins, 18 Nov 1997


[Monomotapa flag] by Mark Sensen, 24 Sep 1997, redrawn by Antonio Martins, 18 Nov 1997

UDENAMO prior to 1963 favoured an independent Mozambique under the name of Monomotapa -- name of a 16th century kingdom in nowadays Zimbabwe, a plan dropped after the merging into FRELIMO. This GIF was originally sent by Mark, and on 25 Sept 1997 Nick noted that the green should be darker. The same day, Jaume stated that the UDENAMO party flag was not equal to the proposed Monomotapa flag.
Antonio Martins, 18 Nov 1997

In "Vlaggen; symbool - traditie - protocol" (1963) Klaes Sierksma gives in the chapter about history of some flags the flag of Monomotapa: "The national flag was designed by the delegate for international affairs and propaganda of the National-democratic Union of Mozambique, Jaime R.Sigauke, with directions by Whitney Smith Jr. in 1961. The flag is - analogue to that of Angola - bend sinister light green and black. In de centre a blue disk, with a red five pointed star, surrounded by a golden garland of sugar-cane stems. The black color stands for Africa, the dark continent. Green symbolizes the agriculture. The red star stands for the the struggle for freedom by the unity of the people. Before independence of Monomotapa the territory was known as Mozambique."
Mark Sensen, 24 Sep 1997

When in 1961 the first liberation movement was born two flags were designated: one for the party (UDENAMO) and other for a future independent Moçambique, that would receive the name of Monomotapa, an old african kingdom in that region.
Later (1964 probably) Udenamo merged with other two parties and became FRELIMO. The name elected for the future independent country was reverted to Moçambique and the name Monomotapa was abandoned. Monomotapa (in fact a King and not a kingdom) was only independent in the XVI-XVIII centuries.
Jaume Ollé, 25 Sep 1997

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