Last modified: 2001-03-09 by franc van diest
Keywords: netherlands | provinces | sub-national flags | municipalities |
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During the jubilee of Queen Wilhelmina in 1938, when she was reigning 40 years, each municipality had a standard, which had the following pattern: a square flag with the colours of the provincial arms (except Friesland and Noord-Brabant), in the canton (one quarter of the flag) the arms of the municipality. The colours of the provinces were:
In some municipalities the flag was forgotten, and when they found many years later they thought it was a historical flag of the city (like in Stramproy).
Mark Sensen, 31 August 1997
The 4th of May, the day before Liberation Day celebrating the surrender of
the German forces on 5 May 1945, is in the Netherlands Memorial Day. The
national commemoration is always at the National Monument on the Dam in
Amsterdam (in front of the Palace on the Dam). Behind the monument in a half
circle the flags of the provinces and the overseas territories are flying half
mast, from left to right:
13) Netherlands Antilles, 11) Overijssel, 9) Utrecht, 7) Limburg, 5) Flevoland, 3) Friesland, 1) Gelderland, 2) North Holland, 4) Zeeland, 6) South Holland, 8) Drenthe, 10) Groningen, 12) North Brabant, 14) Aruba.
Behind these flag the national flag of the Netherlands is flying half mast. At 20.00 hour there are 2 minutes silence, after which the flags are hoisted to the top, while the national anthem (the Wilhelmus) is played.
I don't know why, but the order of the provincial flags is different from the
normal formal order (also used in the constitution until the early 1900s)
according their former status:
the duchies: 1) North Brabant, 2) Limburg, 3) Gelderland; the counties: 4) South Holland, 5) North Holland, 6) Zeeland; the bishopric 7) Utrecht; the lordship 8) Friesland; 'oversticht' (dependency of the bishopric Utrecht) 9) Overijssel; the confederation 10) Groningen; the 'landschap' (landscape?) 11) Drenthe; land won from the former sea 12) Flevoland.
Mark Sensen, 04 May 1999