Last modified: 2003-04-19 by jorge candeias
Keywords: portugal | kingdom of portugal | reino de portugal | escutcheon | bezant | quinas | border of castille | castle | cross of avis | avis | legiao portuguesa |
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by António Martins
After the dynastic crisis of 1383-1385, newly emerged King João I, Master of the Avis Order, added its green fleur-de-lys cross to his flag, wich lasted for 100 years. This is the first confirmed flag for Portugal, previous may have existed only as coats of arms. According to some sources (Smith included) these colors of red and green would influence the republican flag, but that's totally unbased. This flag was also used in the 20th century as the banner of the fascist paramilitary state organization Legião Portuguesa (Portuguese Legion), during the 1932-1974 right-wing dictatorship.
António Martins, 21 May 1997