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Russian Empire (<1917)

Last modified: 2002-10-05 by antonio martins
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“National” flags of the Russian Empire

According to Legras’ (French Navy Flag Book, ed. 1858) [leg58], there is no “Russian Flag”, but “Imperial Flag”, double head golden eagle carrying St Vladimir red coat of arms, on a yellow rectangular field. The naval ensign and the naval jack are the same as today: ensign blue saltire on white field, jack blue on white saltire on white cross on red field.
Armand du Payrat, 20 Jan 1999

State flag of the Russian Empire (1883-1917)

[Russian flag]
by António Martins, 21 Oct 1997

In 1883 the tricolor [previously the merchant ensign] became the state flag of Russia, [along with the black - golden - white flag. Both were replaced in 1914.]
Zeljko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999, quoting from Flag-znamya korablya, Russian Navy website, consulted 07 Mar 1999

Merchant flags (19th cent.)

It is perhaps not very well known fact, that majority of Russian merchant navy during the 19th century was registered in the grand-duchy of Finland, owned and opereted by Finns. These ships used Russian flags, but among seafaring circles was known as Finnish rather than Russians.
Iiro Hyrsky, 29 Feb 2000

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