Last modified: 2002-06-14 by jarig bakker
Keywords: smizany |
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The biggest village in Slovakia situated in the area where the Hornád
river leaves the area of the Slovak Paradise National Park. It was populated
already in the 9-th century (during the existence of the Great-Moravian
Empire), but the first written reference to the village is from the year
1246. In the documents it is mentioned as the village of the royal handlers.
Especially the metallurgical industry developed during the Middle Ages,
but the last high-temperature furnace was stopped in 1886. Smižany, in
Hungarian Szepessümeg or Smizsán, in German: Schmögen, was a Slovakian,
Hungarian (6,4%) and German (4,3%) settlement in the Szepes (Slovakian:
Spiš, German Zips) County of Hungary till 1918/1920; 1920-1938 part of
Czechoslovakia, 1939-1945 part of Slovakia, and 1945-1992 part of Czechoslovakia.
István Molnár, 18 Sep 2000