Last modified: 2001-08-16 by jarig bakker
Keywords: slovakia | world war ii | people's party | hlinka guard |
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Slovakia W-B-R (the state flag has shield in center stripe overlaping
the other stripes). The shield had a black border and
black patriarchal cross (I believe that can be a mistake, because is pictured blue montains and red cross in white and in other line say "the shield was white with a red patriarchal cross above three blue mountains")
Source: Flag Bulletin 3.
Jaume Ollé, 20 Apr 2001
The official name was "Slovenský Šťat" (= Slovak State) in 1939
(March to June) and "Slovenská Republika" (= Slovak Republic) in
1939-1945. The national flag had three horizontal stripes (W-B-R), flag
ratio 2:3. There were also war flag (charged with a black two-armed cross
within a "vacant" shield margined in black).
Jan Zrzavy, 15 Nov 1997
Among flags of Russian Neo-nazi Parties there is flag of Northern
Alliance Nr. 2 - a tricolour with "something like shield". This depiction
is very simillar to (on FOTW not yet presented) War Flag of Slovakia during
WWII. If the cross were plain black and in pale (erect), not in like this
(it is: laying and void), it would be (roughly) the right thing!
This is what Mr. Jan Zrzavy in 1997 meant, describing "vacant" shield ad
"two - armed" cross. The shade of blue and ratio , chosen by Mr. Paraskan
for Northern Alliance is reported also for WWII Slovakia.
Aleš Křižan, 19 Jun 2001
I believe that this image of Slovak war flag is correct. (However, I
don't know construction details but it is compatible to the few photos
I saw.). BTW - My message four years ago was incorrect: the shield should
be white, not "vacant" (or "transparent" - I meant that there was only
the black border over the tricolor) as I erroneously deduced from old photos
Jan Zrzavy, 18 Jul 2001
by Antonio Martins, 8 October 1998
According to 'Flagmaster', #73: 3 (1993), the [Hlinková Slovenska]
Ľudová Strana ([Hlinkov's] People's Party [of Slovakia]) was the largest
pre-WWII party in Slovakia, of separatist tendency. After Hlinka's death
in 1938, it became pro-nazi under Josef Tiso, who founded the Hlinka
Guard, later a compulsory organization under the Nazi protectorate.
It's flag was blue with a red double armed cross on a white disk. The colors
are the usual slovakian (pan-slav) ones and the cross is a stylization
of the one in the (again current) slovakian COA.
Antonio Martins, 8 October 1998
The flag of the Hlinka Guard (the militia of the Slovak Peoples Party)
as a red flag with a blue "double cross" in a white cirle (the arms of
the cross reached to the edges of the circle).
Source: David Littlejohn - Forgotten Legions of the Third Reich.
Marcus Wendel, 20 Sep 2000
Here's a FOTWized version, in medium red and very dark blue, separately
attached as <sk}hsls.gif>. The interval between both horizontal arms
seems to be identical to their height. FWIW, ISTR _Flagmaster_ showing
a different design with much shorter armas (not reaching the edge of the
disc), which I GIFfed back then.
Antonio Martins, 22 Dec 2000
I´m not sure about the colours of the Hlinka Guard Flag. The guardists used to wear the armband with red double cross on a white circle in blue field. I personnaly saw such a armband in a Museum in Skalica (Western Slovakia, Trnavsky kraj). And the Guard emblem was a golden eagle (like the german Reichsadler on a cap and like the Wehrmachtadler on a badge on the pocket - there on a red circle of cloth) with head turned heraldicaly left (it was "awaiting the danger of East!"), with a white circle bordered blue on its breast. In the circle was a red "double - cross" again, but the upper "balcony" was shorter then the lower one. It was the so called "symbol of Hlinka´s National Revival". The eagle held in its claws a red fasces without axe ("rods of Svatopluk").
According to an old legend, the Great - Moravian King Svatopluk (869-894) told his three sons before he resigned to his throne to be concordant. And then he showed them a bunch of rods, which nobody of them could break without dividing it to singular rods.
It is also interesting, that the Hlinka party - flag was used
as fin-flash of Slovak civil airplanes, althoug it never fully replaced
the national flag.
Aleš Križan, 16 Nov 2000
On the Rothschilds
homepage one reads:
"The five arrows remain an enduring symbol of the Rothschild name. But why arrows at all? The clue is in the work of Moritz Oppenheim, the "painter of the Rothschilds". A sketch in oils depicts the story told by Plutarch of Scilurus who, on his deathbed, asked his sons - five are depicted by Oppenheim - to break a bundle of darts. When they all failed, he showed them how easily the arrows could be broken individually, cautioning them that their strength as a family lay in their unity."
Seems like King Svatopluk liked reading stories about ancient Greeks...
Santiago Dotor, 16 Nov 2000
Scilurus, or Scylurus was a Scythian king c. 110 BC in the region north
of the Crimea; he struck coins at Olbia, at the mouth of the Southern Bug
river, and had his capital in Neapolis, on the outskirts of of Simferopol
in the Crimea. The cited story is from 'Apophthegms of Kings and Great
Commanders', perhaps not written by Plutarchus. His son Palakus was the
last Scythian king.
Sources: A history of the Scythians., and a site with classical stories.
Jarig Bakker, 17 Nov 2000
I saw in Cochrane & Lewis' Military Aircraft Insignia of the
World (1998) several Slovak roundels and finflashes, among which insignia
of the Slovak insurgents, from 1944 on, who flew aircrafts stolen from
the Germans, with the pre-1938 Czechoslovak insignia with a Slovak double
cross on the blue portion. Did they have a flag too?
Jarig Bakker, 17 Jul 2001
Czechoslovak insignia with Slovak cross seem very dubious to me. The
'Slovak National Insurgency' (1944) began with declaration of restoration
of the Czechoslovak Republic, and to my best knowledge only Czechoslovak
flags were used. On the other hand, the Slovak national tricolor (= national
flag of the pro-Germany 'Slovak Republic' in 1939-1945) has not been banned,
was used at least up to 1950's, and its usage slowly declined. (Its revivals
happened in 1968-1969 and then in 1989.) The same applies to the double-cross
(including in the Czechoslovak COA up to 1960), so I cannot exclude the
possibility that it was used by insurgents, but I don't believe it.
Jan Zrzavy, 18 Jul 2001