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Turkmenistan in the Soviet Union

Last modified: 2003-01-25 by antonio martins
Keywords: turkmenian ssr | turkmenistan | hammer and sickle (yellow) | star: 5 points (fimbriated) |
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[Flag of Turkmenian SSR in 1953]
by António Martins, 28 Oct 2002
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Description of the flag

Two blue bars in the middle of the flag; adopted 1 August 1953
Zeljko Heimer, 17 Apr 1996

According to [fss]: Stripes: 33.3+14.15+5+14.15+33.3. (Values given in %, which makes 99.9%. This is probably due to rounding differnces. The three central stripes together were one-third of the flag height, like the red portions each.) Star is contained in imaginary circle of diameter 10% of flag height. H&S in imaginary square os sides 16.6% of flag height. (Value probably rounded, MS). Vertical axis of star and H&S at 12.5% of flag length. Centre of star is at point 10% of flag height from upper edge of flag. [See also here.]
Mark Sensen, 20 Jun 2001

As far as I know, the stripes stand for the rivers Amu Daria and Syr Daria, which cross the country SE-NW from the Pamir to the Aral Sea (these rivers have better known names of ancient greek origin).
António Martins, 19 Jun 2001

The Amu Darya runs along the northeastern border of Turkmenistan, Greek name: Oxus, Arabic: Jayhun. (The Syr Darya — Greek: Jaxartes, Arabic: Saihun — doesn't flow through Turkmenistan...) The other blue stripe may stand for the river Atrek, which forms the border between Turkmenistan and Iran. Or the Caspian Sea, the western border of Turkmenistan.
Jarig Bakker, 31 Oct 2002

Reverse of the flag

[Back of the flag]
by António Martins, 28 Oct 2002 | [two-sided] [reverse]

No hammer, sickle and star on the reverse side.
Mark Sensen, 25 May 1997

Coat of arms

[soviet turkmen CoA]
by Marcus Schmöger, 13 Sep 2001 (source: [hzg80])

The emblem of the SSR was introduced 2 March 1937 (according to Hesmer [hes92]) and replaced was by the current one on 19 February 1992. The SSR emblem already contained one of the carpet designs featured in the current flag and the current arms.
Marcus Schmöger, 16 Sep 2001