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King's and Queen's Flags (Thailand)

Last modified: 2002-11-16 by santiago dotor
Keywords: thailand | royal | king | queen | garuda | pennant: broad | swallowtailed | coat of arms | unidentified flag | rama ix |
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King's Flag

Maharaj Yai

[King's Flag (Thailand)] 1:1
by Calvin Paige Herring
Flag adopted 1911

From the Singha Beer source:

Maharaj Yai
The "Maharaj Yai" is a rectangular flag [similar to th-r-kng.gif above but with smaller Garuda], in the center of which is a red garuda set against a yellow background.

King Rama VI initiated the use of these two flags [the "Maharaj Yai" and the "Maharaj Noi"] as Royal Standards in B.E. 2454 [1911 AD]. The flying "Maharaj Yai" indicated the presence of the King, although the "Maharaj Noi" would be flown in its place whenever no 21 gun salute was ordered. These two are still in use — even to this day.

Santiago Dotor, 27 October 1999


King's Broad Pennant

Maharaj Noi

[King's Broad Pennant (Thailand)] 1:8
(Click on image to see full-size detail)
by Calvin Paige Herring and Santiago Dotor
Flag adopted 1911

From the Singha Beer source:

Maharaj Noi
The "Maharaj Noi" is divided into two parts, each not more than 60 cms wide. While one part is of the same colour and pattern as the "Maharaj Yai", the adjoining part is a long white flag tapering off to a point. The far right or "fly" end, which is cut in the shape of a bird's tail is only half the width of the left end, occupying 3/8 of the total width.

Santiago Dotor, 27 October 1999


Queen's Flag

Rachini Yai

[Queen's Flag (Thailand)] 1:1
by Calvin Paige Herring
Flag adopted 1911

From the Singha Beer source:

Rachini Yai
This yellow flag [similar to th-r-qen.gif above but with smaller Garuda], measuring 10 by 15, with one side cut into the shape of a bird's tail, and the apex reaching a quarter of the way along the flag's total length, is similar to the "Maharaj Yai" in that there is a red garuda in the middle. Flown from the main mast of the Royal Yacht when on official business, it denotes the presence on board of Her Majesty the Queen.

This flag was first used during the reign of King Rama VI, following the issuing of a special Royal Decree (R.S.129) specifying that there should be two types of flag for the exclusive use of Her Majesty the Queen, i.e. the above-mentioned "Rachini Yai" and the "Rachini Noi". These flags have been in use ever since — right down to the present day.

Santiago Dotor, 27 October 1999


Queen's Broad Pennant

Rachini Noi

[Queen's Broad Pennant (Thailand)] 1:8
(Click on image to see full-size detail)
by Calvin Paige Herring and Santiago Dotor
Flag adopted 1911

From the Singha Beer source:

Rachini Noi
This tiny yellow flag [like the King's Broad Pennant but with a red tapering swallowtail instead of a white one], less than 60 cms. square, is connected on the right to a long red "tail" that tapers off to a point-like that of a bird's tail, the right-hand side being half the width of the left. The other features are in the same proportions as those found on the "Maharaj Noi".

This flag was used in place of the Rachini Yai whenever there was no order for a 21 gun salute. The flag has been in use since B.E.2453 [1910 AD] i.e. during the reign of King Rama VI — down to the present time.

Santiago Dotor, 27 October 1999


Personal Flags of the King Rama IX and Queen

Personal Flag of King Rama IX Personal Flag of the current Queen
[Personal Flag of King Rama IX (Thailand)] 2:3      [Personal Flag of King Rama IX's Queen (Thailand)] 2:3
both by Jaume Ollé

I have just come back from a trip to Thailand. I saw many flags of the present King's flags and Queen's flags which are quite different from the ones on the FOTW website (Garuda on yellow background). The King's flag is his crown shape and his Thai character initial in red below on bit [sic — 'field'?] dark yellow. The shade of yellow is the same as of Thai Monks clothes that is the shade of yellow used in Sri Lankan national flag). Incidentally the same shade of yellow is used for a Thai Buddhist flag which is red wheel in the center on yellow background which is hoisted in most Thai temples as posted already.

The Queen's flag is her crown (different from King's) and her name in Thai character on blue (the shade is lighter than blue of Thai national flag, I would say the blue shade is like Micronesian national flag).

My Thai friend explained that these flags are hoisted two weeks before and after the birthdays of the present King and Queen (the Queen's birthday was about to take place when I visited Thailand). So I think these are royal personal flags besides royal flags and each King and Queen has his/her own personal flag.

Nozomi Kariyasu, 10 August 2001

The described flags seem to be the ones created in 1996 in the 50 anniversary of the rule of Phumipol (1946-96). They show in Banderas and, if I do not remember wrong, photos are in the hands of Michel Lupant. I have some poorly drawn GIFs.

Jaume Ollé, 10 August 2001

Yes, these flags are very similar to what I saw in Thailand but letters/initials are a bit different. I hope to get a photo of the two royal hospitals in central Bangkok, donated by the King and the Queen, which have large copies of the King's and Queen's emblems on the wall where the details of their personal emblem can be seen clearly.

Nozomi Kariyasu, 10 August 2001


King Rama IX Golden Jubilee Flag

[King Rama IX Golden Jubilee Flag (Thailand)]
The blue border matches the original source's background and is not part of the flag
from the Singha Beer source

From the Singha Beer source:

The Flag commemorating His Majesty's Golden Jubilee Year

The flag contains the Royal Insignia of King Rama IX, together with the coat of arms of the Chakkri Dynasty, above which hovers a crown symbolizing the Chakkri Monarchy. In addition, there is a double-tiered royal chalice-carried by two white elephant covered by a white canopy.

The flag itself honours both his Majesty the King and the Cakkri [sic] Dynasty as a whole; not only does it demonstrate the pride which the Thai people take in having such a talented monarch-one who has ruled the country for over 50 years; it also celebrates the nation itself, its long and distinguished history and its unique art and culture, as well as the national character in general.

Santiago Dotor, 26 October 1999


Unidentified Royal Flag

[Unidentified Royal Flag (Thailand)]
(Click on image to see full size detail)
from ebay.com [broken link]

I came across a flag advertised in ebay.com [broken link] as the King of Thailand's flag:

Rare the First King IX Flag Thailand. This is about 20 years olds for This flag. It is First version of King IX flag. This flag begin to use when King IX be a great king of Thailand. This Flag use in front of The King IX car. It is 5.50" x 9.0" [14 cm x 23 cm]. It is in good condition come with pastic [sic] cover.
Is this just a promo flag? Or is it a Royal flag?

Edward Mooney, 21 February 2000





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