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Busoga Kingdom (Uganda)

Last modified: 2003-02-01 by jarig bakker
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Busoga royal arms

[Busoga royal arms] by John McMeekin, 6 Dec 2002

The coloured Arms of Busoga Kingdom, (Uganda) seem to be the Royal Arms, the B&W seem to be the State Arms.
I have been waiting for the Busoga Flag from my contact for 6 months, still no news on that,
John McMeekin, 6 Dec 2002

"The region of Busoga is situated in the South-Eastern part of Uganda. Population 2.1 Million Area 7100 sq. miles Capital, Jinja, the former industrial capital of Uganda and situated on the source of the River Nile.
The Basoga are the eastern neighbours of the Baganda. They occupy the region between Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga in the present districts of Jinja, Kamuli and Iganga
Due to the continuous movements and intermingling of people within the Basoga region, the history of the Basoga is complex. It can be asserted, however, that the earliest inhabitants of Busoga belonged to the same Bantu group comprising the Banyoro and the Baganda. Their origins can therefore be traced, like other Bantu groups, to the Katanga region of Central Africa. Tradition holds that the earliest inhabitants were the Langi, the Iteso and the Bagisu. They were later engulfed by migrants
from Buganda. The earliest settlers in Busoga are said to have occupied the lake-shore areas of modern Bukoli. Nanyumba's Banyole are believed to have been among these earliest inhabitants. These early settlements took place far back in the 14th century. They were later joined by other people from the Mt.Elgon region. These people are said to have been led by Kintu and are said to have settled in Bugabula and Bulamogi. They were later joined by others from Budama and some from Kigulu in Kenya.
The Language (Lu-Soga)
Lusoga language closely approximates to Luganda, especially that spoken by the Ssesse Islanders. There exist many Lusoga dialects. However Buganda influence over Busoga was so much that Luganda tends to be used as a lingua franca in Busoga more, than Lusoga itself. Within Busoga, there are so many dialects of the Lusoga language that it is difficult to reach agreement on the correct way to spell or pronounce certain words. For instance, in the north of Busoga, there is a distinct H but people from Southern Busoga do not accept this H as being appropriate to the Lusoga Language.
Political System
There was no paramount chief over the whole of Basoga.
The Basoga were organized into principalities or chiefdoms under the sovereignty of Bunyoro and later of Buganda. In the early times, the death of a chief was first reported to the Mukama of Bunyoro who would send the funeral bark cloth and all the necessary requirements for the burial rites.
On several occasions, he used to appoint the heir or send back the son of the deceased chief if the son happened, as was usually the case, to be at the Mukama's court in Bunyoro. During the time of the Luo migrations, Luo sub-dynasties were established in Busoga. Among these sub-dynasties (at least six in all), Bukoli and Bugwere were founded about the same time as the Babiito dynasty of Bunyoro at the beginning of the 16th century. By the turn of the 19th century, there were fifteen
virtually independent principalities.
In fact, the southern principalities are said to have been ruled by dynasties whose origins could be traced to the east and Lake Victoria Islands. During the 19th century, Buganda influence very greatly increased over the southern Busoga principalities. The northern principalities still had a connection with Bunyoro and indeed their language contained many Runyoro words. In 1906 the British protectorate accomplished an administrative amalgamation of the multifarious kingdoms of pre-colonial Busoga into a single integrated structure.
Representatives from the small pre-colonial kingdoms constituted the Busoga Lukiiko. In the same year Semei Kakungulu was appointed President of the Lukiiko, his reign ended with his resignation in 1913. This led to the collapse of the monstrous political structure and the abolition of the office of "President of the Lukiiko of Busoga". Later, there arose demands within Busoga for the revival of the office. In 1919 the Isebantu Kyabazinga office was established as alternative to it. And
Ezekieri Wako was appointed the first Isebantu Kyabazinga."
Source: this website.
Jarig Bakker, 10 Dec 2002

I have still not received anything on the Busoga Flag from my contact in Jinja, Busoga Kingdom.
BUSOGA TITLES::  It is reported that from the British period (1892-onwards) the Titles of the various Rulers changed, they are in 3 groups:
8 Omwami owe Saza    (8  County Kings of the 8 Counties)
52 Omwami owe Gombolola  ( 52 Sub-County Petty-Kings - or Kinglets)
An unknown number of Omwami owe Muruka  (Parish Prince)
Regarding the Kings or Princes ,  I have a list of about 55 of them.
It will be noted that Mwami = King  (Rwanda, Burundi, and about 8 Mwami in Haya  District & in Districts in the N.W. of Tanzania  (when it was Tanganyika, all aboilisted in 1962), with a few holding that title in Uganda). Omwami is the local spelling of Mwami. Like Mugabe (locally Omugabe in Ankole, and in certain States in N.W. Tanganyika), Mukama (locally Omukama in Toro, Bunyoro-Kitara, and in certain States in N.W. Tanganyika), Kabaka in Buganda.
BUSOGA KINGDOM  is administered in the following:
KAMULI DISTRICT (4 Counties, 23 Sub Counties & 134 Parishes) - 2 Kings  (BUGABULA, BULAMOGI)
IGANGA DISTRICT  (4 Counties, 25-or-26 Sub Counties, unknown Parishes) - 3 Kings (KIGULU,  LUUKA, BUSIKI)
MAYUGE DISTRICT  (1 County, 6 Sub-Counties, unknown parishes) - 1 King  (BUNYA)
JINJA DISTRICT  (3 Counties, 11 Sub-Counties, 50 Parishes)
BUGIRI DISTRICT  (1 County,  12 (or 19) Sub-Counties, unknown Parishes) - Possible 2 Kings  (BUKOOLI and BANDA)
Now with all that information, the "States" must have had Coats of Arms and Flags, someone will have to go there in order to find out that answer.
John McMeekin, 1 Jan 2003

Busoga state arms

[Busoga state arms] by John McMeekin, 6 Dec 2002