Last modified: 2002-09-28 by antonio martins
Keywords: tupamaros | tupac amaru | national liberation movement | movimiento de liberación nacional | t | star: 5 points (red) |
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The date of foundation of Tupamaros (MLN, Movimiento de Liberación
Nacional = National Liberation Movement) is 1965. There are a few
variants of the circle and star in the flag.
Rodolfo Tizzi, 10 Jul 2002
In 1971, the National Liberation Movement reinforced.
It was also called Tupamaros, from the name of the Indian
Tupac Amaru, who was quartered by the Spaniards on 18 May
1781 in Cuzco (Peru) after having fought against colonization
for 4 years. (The name Tupac Amaru was reused by the peruvian
revolutionary group (M.R.T.A.)
which assaulted the Japanese embassy in Lima last year.)
The Uruguayan Army defeated the Tupamaros in 1972 and
overthrew the elected President Juan Maria Bordaberry on 27
June 1973. Civil governement was reestablished in 1985 with
the election of Julio María Sanguinetti as President. The
flag of Tupamaros, according to W. Smith
[smi80], is the
historical Artigas flag
defaced with a red star enclosed in a white disc.
The star is charged with a black T.
Ivan Sache, 18 Jun 1998
In this image I tried to follow my source (French
translation of [ing79])
as closely as possible, I have no other reason to believe
that this is the correct one. Is it likely that
this political revolutionary flag had precisely defined
shades and designs? I suppose that returning to
General Artigas’ original flag
would provide a sensible comparison.
The former Uruguayan jack
was even lighter.
Tham-Tâm Lê, 16 Dec 1998