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Tupamaros National Liberation Movement, Uruguay

Movimiento de Liberación Nacional

Last modified: 2002-09-28 by antonio martins
Keywords: tupamaros | tupac amaru | national liberation movement | movimiento de liberación nacional | t | star: 5 points (red) |
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[Flag of the Tupamaros]
by Tham-Tâm Lê, 16 Dec 1998
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The date of foundation of Tupamaros (MLN, Movimiento de Liberación Nacional = National Liberation Movement) is 1965. There are a few variants of the circle and star in the flag.
Rodolfo Tizzi, 10 Jul 2002

In 1971, the National Liberation Movement reinforced. It was also called Tupamaros, from the name of the Indian Tupac Amaru, who was quartered by the Spaniards on 18 May 1781 in Cuzco (Peru) after having fought against colonization for 4 years. (The name Tupac Amaru was reused by the peruvian revolutionary group (M.R.T.A.) which assaulted the Japanese embassy in Lima last year.) The Uruguayan Army defeated the Tupamaros in 1972 and overthrew the elected President Juan Maria Bordaberry on 27 June 1973. Civil governement was reestablished in 1985 with the election of Julio María Sanguinetti as President. The flag of Tupamaros, according to W. Smith [smi80], is the historical Artigas flag defaced with a red star enclosed in a white disc. The star is charged with a black T.
Ivan Sache, 18 Jun 1998

In this image I tried to follow my source (French translation of [ing79]) as closely as possible, I have no other reason to believe that this is the correct one. Is it likely that this political revolutionary flag had precisely defined shades and designs? I suppose that returning to General Artigas’ original flag would provide a sensible comparison. The former Uruguayan jack was even lighter.
Tham-Tâm Lê, 16 Dec 1998

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