Last modified: 2003-04-19 by ivan sache
Keywords: yugoslavia | jugoslavija | europe | coat of arms | serbia and montenegro | ocila | firesteel | eagle: double-headed (white) | lions: 2 (yellow) | crosses: 2 (white) | civil ensign | constitution |
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by Zeljko Heimer
Flag adopted 27 Avril 1992, coat of
arms adopted 29 December 1993.
Description: Horizontally divided blue-white-red.
Use: on land, civil, state and war flag.
Colour approximate specifications (as given in Album des Pavillons [pay00]):
In the beginning of 2003, the name of the country was changed to Serbia and Montenegro. However, the laws predating this change will remain valid until modified and the information on the flags and arms of Yugoslavia is still valid, too.
Ivan Sache, 12 April 2003
The red, white and blue are pan-Slavic colors. These are based
upon the flag of Russia (itself influenced by
the Dutch flag). In 1848, these colors were
adopted by the Pan-Slavic Congress as pan-Slav colors.
As many of the Slavic nations of the time were under foreign domination, the Russian flag became a symbol of inspiration to Slavic peoples. The pattern has been repeated in many of the flags of Slavic nations and regions, in some instances with minor variations to the horizontal stripes and, in some cases, the colors as well.
Source: The Encyclopaedia of Flags [zna00]
Anonymous , 25 Febuary 2000
From the 1992 Constitution:
Article 4. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall have a flag, a national anthem, and a coat-of-arms. The flag of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall consist of three horizontal stripes, blue, white and red in that order, from top to bottom. The national anthem of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall be Hej Sloveni. The coat of arms of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is to be established by Federal statute.
Article 11. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall recognize and guarantee the rights of national minorities to preserve, foster and express their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and other peculiarities, as well as to use their national symbols, in accordance with international law.
1. The Federal Assembly shall adopt the Federal Law pertaining to the flag, coat of arms and national anthem by holding a ballot where a majority vote of at least two-thirds of all Federal representatives in both Chambers is needed.
2. This Amendment shall replace Article 90, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Source: Yugoslavian Government website.
Ivan Sache, 16 October 2001
Accounts of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia's readmittance to
the United Nations describe their flag as being the same as the
former Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia's
flag but without the big red star. Said old flag flew outside the
United Nations buildings in New York 1992-2000 while Yugoslavia's
membership was 'on hold' due to a dispute over whether or not
Yugoslavia needed to reapply for membership following the break-up of
the Communist state at the end of the 1980s.
On 1 November 2000, it was pulled down for the last time and replaced by the Federal Republic's flag.
Megan Robertson, 2 November 2000
The change of the flag was shown on Spanish television. The flag with the star was lowered and a similar flag without a star. The shade of blue was also a bit different between both flags. Cloth was shinier in the new flag.
Jaume Ollé, 2 November 2000
by Jorge Candeias
The new Yugoslav coat of Arms was adopted by Federal Parliament in 1994, two years after forming the "third" Yugoslavia. Since then, it has replaced the NBJ (National Bank) sign on the banknotes, and new passports have been issued since July 1997.
The coat of arms is:
Two-headed eagle (Silver), with quartered shield with national signs of Montenegro (Golden lion of Petrovic Dinasty) and Serbia (four firesteels).
The Yugoslav flag shall remain the same (blue, white, red), without the coat of arms on it.
Milos Eric, 16 February 1998
The Yugoslav coat of arms contains the cross with the four Byzantine firesteels, those C-shaped attributes.
Joshua Fruhlinger , 13 February 1999
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and
Slovenes that was formed after First World War adopted a coat of
arms consisting of three parts changed in details over time, It
always included the four firesteels and
the cross in one of the partitions, Croat
chequy shield in other, while the third part was somewhat
After the Second World War, Socialist Yugoslavia dropped that symbol, as it was not suitable for the conception of five (later six) nations within it, and introduced the socialist style coat of arms with torches. However, the coat of arms with the four firesteel was not dropped alltogether - the People's Republic of Serbia adopted it officially in 1947 in the middle of a socialist style coat of arms, but dropping the cross and retaining only the four firesteels on the shield. When the name was changed to Socialist Republic of Serbia in 1963, the coat of arms was retained, as well as after early 1990's when Socialist attribute was dropped from the name. It is still the only official coat of arms of Serbia and used as such, even if Montenegro and Yugoslavia changed their symbols.
Zeljko Heimer , 15 February 1999
by Zeljko Heimer
The Yugoslavian civil ensign is similar to the national flag, but in proportions 2:3.
Jan Zrzavy, 16 January 1998
The civil ensign is prescribed by:
Pravilnik o vijenju zastave trgovacke mornarice Savezne
Republike Jugoslavije, "Sluzbeni list SRJ", broj 31 od 26. juna
(Regulations on flying the merchant ensign of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Official Gazette of Yugoslavia, no. 31, 26 June 1998.)
Zeljko Heimer, 29 January 1999