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Boer movement flags (South Africa)

Last modified: 2002-05-31 by jarig bakker
Keywords: boer | south africa | vryheidsvlag | vierkleur | orania | kp |
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Vryheidsvlag - Afrikaner Popular Front / Afrikaner Volksfront

[Vryheidsvlag] by Antonio Martins, 2 Mar 1999

In South Africa there is a political movement (or party) called "Afrikaner Volksfront" (Popular Front), which tries to set up an independent Boer state. They use a flag very similar to Transvaal's "Vierkleur", but the red stripe replaced with an orange one. This flag is called "Vryheidsvlag" (freedom flag).

The "Volksrepubliek Werkgroep" made a proposal for a constitution of this imagined state. In article 19.16.3 it is written:
Today's freedom flag (green and orange, white, blue) must be tightened by the Afrikaaner.
But there was also a request to me by one who wished to know, who used the flag with "a yellow, maybe orange, stripe". So it seems that there are two flags: an older one with a yellow and a newer one with an orange stripe. Or maybe the orange is because of the former ZA national flag.
Carsten Linke, 13 June 1996

As far as I am aware this is new, although the design has been popular amongst independent-minded Afrikaners for a good while now. The "Vryheidsvlag" mentioned has been registered with the SA Bureau of Heraldry by the Afrikaner Volksfront as indicated in SAVA Newsletter 14/95 of December 1995.
Bruce Berry,  14 Jun 1996

Transvaal flag (or Vierkleur) is used by the Afrikaner Volksfront (Afrikaner People's Movement, AVF) as their Vryheidsflag (Freedom's flag), with an orange stripe replacing the red one.
Filip Van Laenen, 3 Oct 1996

The "vierkleur" design has also been adopted by the Boerestaatparty - another Afrikaner organisation seeking an independent "volkstaat" - with the vertical stripe in green and the horizontal stripes, black, white and blue.
Bruce Berry, 14 June 1996

The vierkleur in different coloured variations seems to be indeed a very popular symbol of Boer movements. There are not so many national flags of this type in the world, I think only the one of the United Arab Emirates.
Carsten Linke, 14 June 1996

Last night on ABCTV news there was a report on a new attempt by South African Boers to set up their own homeland (they're seeking $20m from the UK - as compensation for the Boer War - to fund the project). A flag was briefly shown - I only caught a glimpse - a red, white and blue horizontal tricolour; with a vertical green stripe occupying the hoist.
David Cohen, 17 Oct 1997

I'm not a 100% sure, but I believe you might have the proportions of the Vierkleur and the Vryheidsvlag wrong. Although many people like to give the vertical bar the same width as that of the horizontal bars, I believe (In the case of the Vryheidsvlag, I know, because I bought one from Orania) the correct proportions of the vertical bar is one third the (horizontal) lenght of the vlag, e.a. the same proportion as the width of a bar in a vertical tricolor flag.
Hanno den Boer, 13 Mar 2002

Afrikaner Popular Front / Afrikaner Volksfront: granted 31 Oct 1995
Description: A rectangular flag, proportion 2:3, consisting of three horizontal stripes of equal width, from  top to bottom, orange, white and blue, and at the hoist a vertical green stripe one and one quarter the width of each of the other three stripes.
Source: Data of the Bureau of Heraldry on registered heraldic representations.
Mark Sensen, 19 May 2002

Vrye Republikeinse Beweging (Free Republican Movement, formerly Afrikaner Volksfront): granted 16 May 1997
Description: A rectangular flag, proportion 2:3, consisting of three horizontal stripes of equal width, from top to bottom, orange, white and blue, and at the hoist a vertical green stripe one and one quarter the width of each of the other three stripes.
Source: Data of the Bureau of Heraldry on registered heraldic representations.
Mark Sensen, 19 May 2002

Conservative Party / Konserwatiewe Party

[Conservative Party / Konserwatiewe Party flag] by Mark Sensen, 20 Oct 1997

I found the logo of the Conservative Party or Konserwatiewe Party van Suid-Afrika. The logo is accompanied right and left by the flag of the ZAR (Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek) at this website, probably connected with the Vryheidsvlag - Afrikaner Popular Front.
I don't know whether this is the KP-flag too...
Jarig Bakker, 8 Jan 2002

Some years ago the flag of the Conservative party was the old south african flags (O-W-B) with logo in center. Logo you posted  is the same that was in the flag but yellow-orange, instead of lemon-yellow.
Jaume Ollé, 20 Jan 2002


[Flag of Orania] by Mark Sensen, 20 Oct 1997

I think the name Orania is derived from the river Oranje/Orange. The home page of Orania shows a map. On this map (the North Cape) Orania is only one village a bit southwest of where the rivers Oranje and Vaal come together. The homeland they plan for the Afrikaners is between the river Oranje and the Atlantic Ocean, so part of the Cape, not of the Free State nor Transvaal. Their flag is not solely based on that of Transvaal, but the red is changed to orange for the Free State. According to BoereData the "Vryheidsvlag" or new "Vierkleur" was first hoisted in the night of 26/27 april 1994 (so when the apartheid was abolished officially!). It's not only a combination of the pattern of the flag of the South African Republic (Transvaal) with the orange from the flag of Orange Free State. It's also the orange-white-blue of the "Prinseflag" of the "Dietse" ancestors of the Boers, and of the flag of the Rep. of South Africa after the British rule, with a green stripe at the hoist. The flag is being registered by the Office for Heraldry.
Mark Sensen, 20 Oct 1997

On the Flags of Aspirant Peoples, published in 1994 by the Flag Society of Australia and the Flag Research Center, is the flag of "Orandia (White homeland) - South Africa." Vertical orange-white-blue, Emblem in the white stripe: green ground plan of the castle of Good Hope, outlined in grey, and including a monument (?) on a light blue background enclosed in a white-black hatched circle. The chart effectively shows a small black stripe at the hoist.
Ivan Sache, 12 Sep 1999

About the Orania flag (the vertical tricolour): I haven't seen this flag before. You mention there that there is a monument in it, but show you are not sure which one. Chances are this would be the Voortrekker monument in Pretoria. It is one of the most important symbols of Afrikaner nationalism. You should be able to get a picture of the monument in any decent book on Pretoria, it is quite a big building.
Hanno den Boer, 10 Dec 2001

It is actually not a tricolour but has four vertical stripes with the one nearest the hoist being a thin black stripe. Hanno is correct in assuming that the monument depicted on the flag is that of the Voortrekker Monument near Pretoria, which is in the centre of an outline of the Cape Town castle - the oldest building in the country. The castle outline is also found on the flags of the services flags of the SA Defence Force.

The following description and background is from SAVA Newsletter 2/91 which carried an article and illustration of this flag.

The flag originated in the early 1990s when the "Orandia Development Corporation" was established with the express purpose of establishing a "white homeland" to be called Orandia in the western part of South Africa. The town of Orania was purchased and was to be the centre of this activity.  The flag is based on the former flag of South Africa, having vertical instead of horizontal stripes. The orange stripe represents the freedom struggle of the people of Orandia with the white stripe standing for cleanliness of thought, conduct and purpose. The castle outline in the centre indicates the origin of the "white" nation in South Africa with the landing of Dutch settlers in the Cape in 1652, with the surrounding protecting wall symbolising the protection of the nation's seed. The castle' inner 'face' is green to suggest life from the soil, on which the nation will multiply.  Inside the castle a closed wagon laager encircles a stylised Voortrekker Monument symbolising the protection given to Orandia as the Nation of the Vow. The monument serves as a reminder of the slaughter that took place at the Battle of Blood River and of the sacrifices and perseverance of the predecessor of Orandia. The blue stripe shows the European origins of the forefathers of the people of Orandia and symbolises humanity and faith. The black sleeve nearest the hoist shows that Orandians are prepared to live peaceably the people of other races and that good neighbourliness and trade should prevail.
Bruce Berry, 10 Dec 2001

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