Last modified: 2003-07-05 by joe mcmillan
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7:10 by Joseph McMillan
Flag adopted by Law No 8421 of 11 May 1992; basic design by Decree No 4 of 19 November 1889
Pier Paolo Lugli, 19 January 1998
In the Brazilian Government's website
is the full text of the law on the Brazilian flag and other symbols.
Guilherme Simões Reis, 6 October 1999
In Album des
Pavillons, 2000 the construction
details are given as (51+54+210+54+51):(51+144+210+144+51) which looks correct.
Zeljko Heimer, 21 March 2001
According to the Piraquê Club website (www.piraque.org.br), no longer on line,
on 7 September 1822, after demanding "Independence or Death," Prince Regent Pedro (later Emperor Dom
Pedro I) removed the Portuguese blue-and-white cockade from his hat and exclaimed, "From now on we will
have another ribbon-knot (laço), green and yellow. These will be the national colors."
On 18 September, Pedro signed three decrees that were the first acts of independent Brazil.
The second decree created a new national cockade: "The Brazilian national bow-knot (laço),
or cockade (tope) will be composed of the emblematic colors: green for spring and yellow for gold...."
Joseph McMillan, 15 April 2001
A site called Bandeiras do Brasil says that the Ministry of Culture specifies Pantone 356 CV (green), 3945CV (yellow), and 286CV (blue) as the official colors of the Brazilian flag. The problem is that the webmaster seems to cite Flags of the World as the source of this, and we have no such information.
Among official sites, there are a couple that give Pantone and/or
CMYK values for the "mark" of the Federal Government, used on
publications and websites, stating that the colors are to be the same
as those used in the national flag. These sources do not agree
completely, so I'll cite that of the
Presidency for the Pantones. The
Ministry of Development, Industry, and External Commerce (MDIC)
uses the same Pantone values and gives CMYK equivalencies.
Unlike the stars on the American flag, each particular star on the Brazilian
flag represents one particular state.
Herman De Wael, 20 January 1998
For details on the constellations on the flag and the correspondence between the stars and the states, see Astronomy of the Brazilian Flag.
The page entitled Simbolos Nacionais--Bandeira, Hino, Armas e Selo Nacional (National Symbols--Flag, Anthem, Arms, and National Seal] at the official Brazilian government site quotes in full the laws governing all the symbols. That for the arms says, translated into English:
The National Arms were instituted by Decree No. 4 of 19 November 1889, with alteration made by Law No. 5443 of 28 May 1968 (Annex No. 8) The making of the National Arms should conform to the proportions of 15 units of height by 14 of width and take into account the following provisions:The name on the scroll was changed from Estados Unidos do Brasil by Law No. 5389 of 22 February 1968.
I - The round shield will be composed of a sky-blue [azul-celeste] field containing five silver [prata] stars arranged in the form of the Southern Cross, with the bordure [bordura] of the field outlined in gold and charged with silver stars equal to the stars existing in the National Flag (Modification made by Law No. 8421 of 11 May 1972).
II - The shield will be placed on a star parted gyronny of ten pieces, green [sinopla] and gold, bordered by two strips, the inner red [goles] and the outer gold.
III - All placed on a sword in pale, pommelled gold, hilted blue [blau], except for the center part, which is red [goles] and contains a silver star, all upon a crown formed by a branch of coffee fruited on the dexter side and another of flowering tobacco on the sinister side, both in proper colors, tied blue [blau], the whole assembled on a splendor of gold, the contours of which form a star of 20 points.
IV - On a blue [blau] scroll, placed over the pommel of the sword, inscribed in gold the legend República Federativa do Brasil in the center, and also the phrases 15 de Novembro on the dexter end and de 1889 on the sinister end.
Knowing how (non-)promptly the stars on the national flag
were changed with the change of the actual number of the states in
Brazil, I am wondering how well the coat of arms followed the changes. This is
of particular interest since it is the main feature on the presidential
flag, too. So that flag was changed (I guess) as many times as the
coat of arms.
Zeljko Heimer, 21 March 2001
In the Süddeutsche Zeitung of 28 June 2002 (p. 12) there is a report on
the Brazilian coat of arms.
Evidently they are currently discussing a change in the coat of arms, more
specifically the tobacco leaves on the sinister side. Senator Jefferson Peres
(PDT) wants to replace the unhealthy tobacco with a twig of guaraná.
Marcus Schmöger, 29 June 2002