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Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada)

Last modified: 2003-04-26 by phil nelson
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Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada)
by zeljko heimer - 1996-05-21

See also:

The new Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador

The flag of Newfoundland and Labrador (a stylized Union Jack) was designed by artist Christopher Pratt as an entry in a flag compitition for the province.
Nathan Bliss

Is it supposed to be a stylised Union Jack?

It certainly looks as though that might have been an influence, but there is no mention of it in the description of the flag in "Symbols of Canada", which has:

"The white symbolises snow and ice; blue, the sea; red, human effort; and gold, confidence in the future.

The two red triangles on the right stand for the mainland and island parts of the province, and the golden arrow represents hope for the future. The image of the trident on the flag emphasises Newfoundland and Labrador's continued dependence on fishing and the sea. When the flag is hung as a banner, the arrow assumes the aspect of a sword, a reminder of the sacrifices made in war."
David Prothero - 5 June 1998

Flag of the Lieutenant-Governor

[Newfoundland and Labrador Lieutenant-Governor]
by Mario Fabretto

Before 1949 Newfoundland had a Governor-General rather than a Lt. Gov., as it was self-governing and not a Canadian province. His flag had a green *laurel* leaf garland, and the 'terra nova' badge surmounted by a royal crown.

It is recorded as changing, in 1904, from 'the badge applied to the disc', to, 'the badge filling the whole disc'. To me, this implies that the crown now protruded above the top of the disc, breaking the garland, just as on the Canadian Governor-General's flag.
David Prothero - 19 February 1997

The shield of the arms of Newfoundland used on the flag of the lieutenant-governor adopted in January 1987. As a colony, Newfounland was granted for a defeaced red ensign (Admiralty Warrant of 25 October 1918). On "The Observer's book of Flags" Ed. 1979, W. Crampton wrote that "The official flag of Newfoundland and Labrador is the Union Jack, although vessels in the service of the province may use the Blue Ensign with a badge in the fly". I never understood which badge it was and if this was a common practice in 1979.
Mario Fabretto - 2 October 1997


Flag of the Franco-Terreneuviens (Canada)
by Jan Oskar Engene - 15 August 1996

Adopted: % October 1986
Designer: Lily Fortin
Proportions: unknown (1:2?)

There are only about 3.200 French speaking people in this province. Their flag is based on the French tricolour and Acadian flag, with three unequal panels of blue, white, and red. Two yellow sails are set on the line between the white and red panels. The sail on top is charged with a spruce twig, while the bottom sail is charged with a pitcher flower. These emblems are outlined in black.

The sails represent early Basque, Breton and French fishermen that came to the area, and the explorer Jaques Cartier. At the same time, they are symbols of action and progress. The yellow is taken from the star of the Acadian flag.

The spruce twig is the emblem of Labrador and is also found on the Labrador flag. Newfoundland and Labrador's provincial flower is the insect eating pitcher plant. This was used on Newfoundland's coins from the time of Queen Victoria until 1938. It was adopted as the province's floral emblem in 1954.

The flag was adopted by the Fédération des Francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador to represent the Franco-Terreneuviens.

  • Kevin Harrington: 'The Flags of the Francophonie in Canada', Flag Bulletin, No. 147, 1992, pp.139-152.
  • Symbols of Nationhood, Minister of Supply and Services, Ottawa, 1991
Jan Oskar Engene - 15 August 1996

Editorial Note: In 2001, the name of the province of Newfoundland was officially changed to Newfoundland and Labrador. Some references in the Newfoundland pages represent the older name when discussing pre-change flags.