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Ontario (Canada)

Last modified: 2003-04-26 by phil nelson
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Flag of Ontario (Canada)
by Martin Grieve

See also:

British red ensign with arms in fly - green with three golden maple leaves and St. George's cross in chief. ratio 1:2. officially hoisted 1965-05-21. Civil and state flag on land.

Zeljko Heimer - 16 July 1996

Flag of the Lieutenant Governor

[Lt. Governor flag]
by Zach Harden

The Lieutenant Governor's Standard is a royal blue flag with the shield of the Arms of Ontario at its centre, circled with ten gold maple leaves. Above all of this is a Crown which symbolizes the role of the Lieutenant Governor as The Queen's representative in Ontario. The symbol at the centre is also used by the Office of the Lieutenant Governor on stationery and on various other materials such as gifts which are given by Her Honour.

At the request of the provincial government, the Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario was the first in a series of new Vice-Regal standards approved by the Governor General, acting in the name of The Queen. The Standard was approved on June 27, 1981.

The Lieutenant Governor's Standard is used on the car in which Her Honour travels as well as outside of buildings in which official visits and duties take place. In Ontario, it is customary for the Standard to fly at all times immediately outside the official entrance to the Lieutenant Governor's Suite at Queen's Park. The Standard is also placed in Her Honour's Office, as well as in the Music Room, both inside the Suite, where official ceremonies and photographs are taken.

The Standard takes precedence over all other flags in Ontario including the Canadian flag. The standards of The Queen and of the Governor General take precedence over the Lieutenant Governor's Standard. The Administrator of the Government of Ontario is also entitled to fly the Standard when performing the duties of the office.
Dov Gutterman - 22 March 1999

See also:


Flag of the Ontarien (Canada)
by Jan Oskar Engene

Adopted (first flown): 25 September 1975
Designer: Unknown
Proportions: 1:2

There are about 535.000 Francophone people in Ontario, and a flag for this community was adopted by the Association Canadienne-Francaise de l'Ontario.

This simple flag consists of two panels, dark green at the hoist and white at the fly end. A white fleur de lis is set on the green panel, while a dark green stylized trillium flower is set on the white panel.

The fleur de lis is of course the symbol of Frenchness, while Ontario's floral emblem is the symbolic connection to the province. The white trillium was adopted as Ontario's floral emblem in 1937, as a by-product of a failed effort to find a national flower that could be planted on the graves of Canadian soldiers that died abroad. The trillium is very stylized (as are also the arms of Ontario) and serves in this form as the logo of the provincial government. It looks a bit like a triquetra, a Christian symbol of the Trinity.


  • Kevin Harrington: 'The Flags of the Francophonie in Canada', Flag Bulletin, No. 147, 1992, pp.139-152.
  • Symbols of Nationhood, Minister of Supply and Services, Ottawa, 1991
Jan Oskar Engene - 15 August 1996

On with a 'drapeau franco-ontarien' - the French Ontarian flag symbols in relationship to the whole flag are much larger.
Jarig Bakker - 01 May 1999

The site of the Association canadienne-française de l'Ontario ( states:

The franco-ontarien flag was flown for the first time from the staff of the University of Sudbury September 25th, 1975. Mr. Gaetan Gervais, history professor at the Laurentian University, conceived the project with a group of students, among whom were Jacqueline England, who had sown the flag, Michel Dupuis, Don Obonsawin and Yves Tassé. The flag was officially adopted/sanctioned by the Association canadienne-française de l'Ontario in 1977. (translation by Georges Kovari)

On the size of the flag mentioned by Jarig Bakker (above) I'd attribute this to a desire to accurately show the symbols, while "faithfully" presenting the idea of the flag itself.
Georges Kovari, 14 October 2000

>Franco-Ontarian flag officially recognized by Queen's Park

Ontario may have the second-to-worst provincial flag according to NAVA's recent survey, but the beautiful Franco-Ontarian flag was just recognized by vote on June 21 2001 in Queen's Park (Ontario's provincial parliament) as representing the province's francophone community. Members of all political parties voted for the motion presented by Liberal Member of Parliament Jean-Marc Lalonde (opposition). The flag will be raised on the Parliament building on June 24 2001, Saint-Jean-Baptist Day, patron saint of French-Canadians. Ontario will thus become the second province to fly its francophone minority's flag, after New Brunswick, which flies the Acadian flag on its Legislative Assembly.

The event was well received by the community, although some influent members expressed the wish that the Conservative government did more than symbolic actions for the promotion of French in Ontario. Indeed, recently, two events made the Franco-Ontarians angry against their government. The one that mobilized most people was the government's decision to appeal of a court judgment that declared unconstitutional the decision to close down the province's only French-language hospital (in Ottawa). The second was the lack of political will by the government to declare officially bilingual the new city of Ottawa (created by the merger of Ottawa with its immediate suburbs), Canada's capital and an important cultural center for the Franco-Ontarians. (In the end, the city did declare itself bilingual, but without sanction by Queen's Park). Not to mention frustration caused by the refusal of large department stores in Ottawa to put up bilingual signs, although the same stores did so in Montreal to accommodate the anglophone minority there. Franco-Ontarians still remember when the government tried to take their language out of their schools during the First World War.

This official recognition of the flag comes three weeks before the Games of the Francophonie, which will be held in the federal capital region of Ottawa-Hull. The Franco-Ontarian flag is a vertical 1:2 green and white (representing the Ontarian Summer and Winter), with a white fleur de lis in the center of the hoist square with obvious symbolism and a green stylized trillium (the official provincial flower is the white trillium) in the center of the fly square. The flag was first flown at the French-language Université de Sudbury (today called Université Laurentienne). It was designed by a group of students from that university on the initiative of their history professor, Gaétan Gervais, and in the honor of Camille Lemieux, an editorialist, who had pledged for the adoption of a distinctive Franco-Ontarian flag in the 1950s, shortly after Quebec's flag was adopted. Until 1948, French-Canadians in Quebec, New England, Ontario and Western Canada made use of the Carillon flag, ancestor of Quebec's current Fleurdelysé. (A common faux pas is to confuse French-Canadians and the Acadians of Atlantic Canada and Maine, who's culture and history is significantly separate). Quebec's move was in line with the shift in identity that was operating from French-Canadians to Québécois. As a result, the concept of a large French-Canadian nation dissolved and local francophone flags were adopted in North America. In 1977, the French-Canadian Association of Ontario (ACFO) adopted the flag created in 1975 and it has since flown in every French-speaking villages and towns in front of schools, Desjardins financial coops, community centers and private homes, often next to the Canadian and Ontarian flags.

Americans are often puzzled by the importance given to French speakers in Canada; a past NAVA president even once told me he didn't understand why provincial French-Canadian associations bothered to adopt flags, while Italian-Canadians or other groups didn't. One has to understand that in many parts of the country as well as parts of the Northern US, French-Canadians were the first explorers if not the first settler (hence the many French place names in the Midwest like Des Moines, Joliet, Racine, Detroit, etc.). The French presence in Ontario dates back 350 years. French-Canadians never experienced the French revolution because they were under British rule by then, hence the insignificance of modern French symbols to them. In fact, the word French-Canadian itself is fairly recent; the original meaning of "Canadian" being a French descendant born in Canada.

Although Ontario's native French-speaking population represents only about 5% of the province's total population (compare New Brunswick where Acadians represent close to the third), there are strong francophone concentrations in the Eastern and Northern parts of the province. More important, the half-a-million strong Franco-Ontarian community represents just over half of Canada's francophone population outside Quebec and is twice as large as New Brunswick's.
Luc Baronian 22 June 2001