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Free Democratic Party: Flags in the 1950's (Germany)

Last modified: 2002-09-07 by santiago dotor
Keywords: free democratic party | german liberal youth | demokratische jugend deutschlands | democratic party of saarland | demokratische partei saarland | cross (yellow) | cross: scandinavian (yellow) | eagle (black) | letter |
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[Free Democratic Party (Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

See also:


The FDP used in the 1950's red flags with a golden cross and the black eagle emblem with white letters 'FDP'. This was a time when black-white-red were prominently used by the FDP, for instance on election posters. The flag we have on FOTW-ws incorporates black-red-gold as well as black-white-red colours, which led to serious controversies in the party committees. Obviously the flag was not even adopted by the party leadership. I cite from the protocols of the party leadership (session of 30th July 1953, my translation):

Rademacher: "After all, who has decided on this? And who has, by the way, adopted the federal party flag? (...) The most unbelievable things have happened in the party. They have given themselves a flag, which the highest committee, the party leadership, has not even discussed. I would like to know, I have to come home with an explanation: how did this flag come about?"
Rademacher did not get a definitive answer during this session. Obviously the flag as well as the decoration for the party convention at Bad Ems (1952), a very controversial convention, had been designed by somebody in the propaganda committee of the FDP.

By the way, there is some uncertainty regarding the precise design of the flag. Above the flag is shown with a normal centered cross, as drawn in Rabbow 1965. However, in a FDP brochure for the 1953 election campaign the cross is shown as a scandinavian cross.

These flags and this symbolism went out of use in the 1960's, according to Rabbow 1970. Since 1966 and even more since 1972 the FDP uses mainly the colours yellow and blue.


  • Rabbow 1970
  • Rabbow 1965
  • FDP-Bundesvorstand, Die Liberalen unter dem Vorsitz von Theodor Heuss und Franz Blücher, Sitzungsprotokolle 1949-1952, Droste Verlag, Düsseldorf.
  • Brochure Wahlkampf und Werbung: Ein Leitfaden für die Wahlkampfleiter, Propagandisten und Redner der Partei, 1953
  • Photo of a demonstration in Hamburg in 2000, found in Internet
  • FDP website
  • Election posters at this website

Marcus Schmöger, 31 March 2001

Flag Variant in a Campaign Brochure for the 1953 Elections

[Flag Variant in a 1953 Elections Campaign Brochure (Free Democratic Party, Germany)]
by Marcus Schmöger

German Liberal Youth

Demokratische Jugend Deutschlands

[German Liberal Youth (Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

Democratic Party of the Saar

Demokratische Partei Saarland

[Democratic Party of the Saar (Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

Democratic Party of the Saar: Opposed to the separatist regime of Hoffman, designed by Hermann Müller from Saarbrücken.

Jaume Ollé, 7 July 1998

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