Last modified: 2002-12-20 by santiago dotor
Keywords: jack | banner of arms | castle (yellow) | lion: rampant (red) | stripes: 9 (yellow-red) | chain (yellow) |
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by Michael P. Smuda
Flag adopted 11th October 1945, readopted 21st January 1977
The Spanish jack is a banner-of-arms of the Spanish escutcheon (quarterly Castile, Leon, Aragon and Navarre), without either Granada on the point nor the Anjou inescutcheon. The Spanish term for jack is torrotito or more properly bandera de tajamar. Source: Calvo and Grávalos 1983.
Santiago Dotor, 28 December 1998
My image of the Spanish jack is based on Pedersen 1971.
Michael P. Smuda, 11 January 1999
First adopted in the Reglamento de Banderas, Insignias y Distintivos (Flags, Rank and Distinguishing Flags Regulation) of 11th October 1945.
Santiago Dotor, 27 February 2001
Please note that the Spanish jack is not simply a square banner-of-arms derived from the current model of arms. It is described in both the 1945 regulations and the 1977 decree, and illustrated at least in the latter. Michael Smuda's image above is an almost perfect rendition of the jack, with some exceptions:
There is an apparently recent picture of the jack in actual use in Símbolos de España 1999, p. 360, and it looks very much like the one in the Decree, with the following mistakes which I believe are the manufacturer's artistic license:
The image of the jack in Album des Pavillons 2000 is quite imprecise, since it mistakenly uses the same elements (squarish castle, unheraldic lion) and colours as the coat-of-arms.
Santiago Dotor, 4 September 2001