Last modified: 2003-03-01 by dov gutterman
Keywords: krizevci | korpivnicko-krizevacka | croatia | cross |
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by Zeljko Heimer , 14 July 2000
City of Krievci - The coat of arms of Krizevci
originates from at least 18th century. It is canting, since the
name refers to the cross (city is named in Latin Crux, German
Kreutz and Magyar Koros [Ko//ro:s]). It can be blazoned as Azure,
two hands proper clasping each other embowed, dexter armoured
Argent and sinister clead Or, holding a triple cross patte of the
second between in chief two mullets of the third.
The coat of arms was used more or less throughout in different artistical redentions, differing maily in representation of the outer ornaments. The current simple shield is adopted in early 1990's, in the same time as the flag is adopted for the first time.
The flag is blue, ratio 1:2, with the CoA offset to the hoist (my guess - the axis is 1/3 of the lenght from hoist). The CoA is fimbrated in white line from the rest of the field. The blue shade used is grayish, that is considered traditional colour of the city.
The vertical flag is not reported. Presumably, it would have the CoA vetiacally set and offset upwards - but that is only a speculation, of course.
My images are based on the representations of the flag and CoA on civic pages at <www.krizevci.hr> where both obverse and reverse of the flag is shown (though reverse is no different from what is considered normal vexillologic practice).
Krizevci is situated in Koprivnicko-krizevacka County.
In Bjelovar-Bilogora County page there is a describtion and pictured flag of former Bjelovar-Krizevci county, 19th and early 20th century. The CoA of Krizevci county is seen on the combined county flag of 1903 at hoist side.
Zeljko Heimer, 14 July 2000
On the Krievci On-Line site in the news for October 2002
it is mentioned that on the City Assemby session held on 1st
October 2002 it was adopted a decision that changes the coat of
arms and the flag of the City. Details of the changes are not
published there. After contacting the webmaser, he promised to
fill me in with more details, but explains that the intention is
to revert to the historical design of the coat of arms (and flag
accordingly). The historical CoA is similar to the one adopted,
approved and used currently, but in more ornate design including
crown above the shield etc. It was granted in 18th century. The
city wants to use that historical design, or at least one that is
closer to it then the current simple modernization. This was in
mid-1990's rejected by the central authorities that are to
approve the design (then a commission at the Ministry of
Administration, nowdays in the Ministry of Justice), but the city
authorities judge that they shall have more luck this time.
The previe of how the intended design would look like, probably, one can see at <www.krizevci.hr>, though I do not know if this is exact the design that was adopted in October. However, the same page provides some interesting historical backgound and some explanations of the CoA charges in the first place. I sumarize: The city was established in the early middle-age, in 1225 it becomes the seat of a county and in 1245 it was granted the free royal city rights by ban Stjepan, that was confirmed by king Bela IV in 1253. At times the sessions of the state parliament were held there. The city was developed as dual, the above mentioned became the upper town (Gornji Krievac), while the lower town (Donji Krievac) was granted civic rights in 1405, when it was also fortified against Turks. The two compeeting cities were finally united in 1752 by empress Maria Theresia, and therefore the plural form of the name Krievci. At the time the city was granted the coat of arms with tripple cross (canting for the city name) with two arms holding it. One is armoured to represent the former upper town that was under military giovernment and the other is in civilian clotes for the mercantile lower town.
Krievci is the seat of the Greek-Catolic Bishopric for the whole Croatia.
Zeljko Heimer, 20 Febuary 2003
by Zeljko Heimer, 14 July 2000
from Croatian History Museum site by courtesy of Jelena Borosak Marijanovic
The flag of the Krizevci County 1711-1740
Red silk damask, wood, brass, painted
90 x 152 cm, staff length 262 cm
Double edged cavalry flag with red and blue tassels at the ends. Both sides of the flag field are decorated with painted heraldic emblems. Obverse: in a red medallion edged with laurel wreath Hungarian (?) coat of arms with the motto In hoc signo vinces (Under this sign you will win). Reverse: in a blue medallion edged with a laurel wreath a crowned double-headed eagle, bearing a white shield with the initials of the ruler Charles VI (C VI) on his breast. In his talons he holds the ruler's insignias, a sceptre and a sword. Around the laurel wreath the inscription reads: Deo Carolo VI patriae vexilum fidele inclitae nobilitatis comitatus Crisiensis (To the divine Charles VI the flag of the homeland, the nobility of Krizevci County known for their fidelity). The flagstaff is spirally painted in red and white, and ends in a brass foliate finial with the pierced initials CC (Comitatus Crisiensis).
E. Laszowski donated the flag in 1927.
J. Borosak-Marijanovic, Zastave kroz stoljeca, Zagreb, 1996, catalogue number 33, page 113.
by Zeljko Heimer, 24 September 1999
I have made an image of "idealized" flag . Also,
note that this flag was hoisted on a staff, just as we would
expect it, and is not intended for vertical hoisting as one could
wrongly assume from the photo!
Zeljko Heimer, 24 September 1999