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Mexico - 1823-National flag "official" variant used in 1899-1917

Last modified: 2002-12-07 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: díaz (porfirio) | carranza (venustiano) | revolución | mexico | eagle (brown) |
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[1823-National Flag, official variant used in 1899-1916] 2:3
[National Flag, State and War ensign]
[Variant - this flag is one of several which can be displayed]
[Flag no longer in use]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, March 5, 2002
Flag and coat of arms adopted: Apr. 14, 1823.
Redefined: January 1, 1899.
In use until: September 30, 1916.



1823-National Flag, official variant used in 1899-1916

Just six years after Porfirio Díaz attempted by a decree to unified the National Coat of Arms, in 1899, he adopted another emblem, designed by Mexican sculptor Juan de Dios Fernández.

According the Ordenanza General del Ejército y la Armada, the only official document describes the flag, it should be proportioned 2:3.

The same flag but without Coat of Arms was used as merchant ensign.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 6, 2001

1899 Coat of arms

[1823-Coat of arms 1899 version]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán,July 7, 2002

In 1899 was adopted a new emblem, worked by Mexican Denmark-educated Juan de Dios Fernández.

Following to Carrera Stampa, the Coat of Arms is "..of French inspiration, this bird is not leanned as the previous one, but represented in front looking to its left with the wings displayed symmetrically. With the right grasp and beak subjects a curved snake whose head is over the eagle's. The other elements suffered alterations also. The nopal was reduced in its leaves, and some of them were added prickly pears. The stone seems rising roughly among the water, and the garland discreetly serves as base of the achievement...".

With some acceptable variants, the Coat of Arms, was used until 1916, when Venustiano Carranza decided to re-adopt the indigenous form.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 6, 2001