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Mexico - 1823-National flag "official" variant used in 1934-1968

February 5, 1934 - September 15, 1968

Last modified: 2002-12-07 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | eagle | coat of arms | rodríguez (abelardo l) | revolution | eagle (brown) | decree | enciso (jorge) |
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[1823-National flag, official variant used in 1934-1968]
[National Flag, State and War ensign]
[Flag no longer in use]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, April 19, 2001
Flag and coat of arms adopted: Apr. 14, 1823.
Redefined: February 5, 1934.
In use until: September 15, 1968.
Note: This flag and coat of arms were the last offcial versions of
that adopted in 1823.


  • On land:
  • Civil, state and war flag.
  • At sea:
  • State, and war ensign.
    Naval jack (torrotito de proa), until September 1945


1823-Natinal flag: official variant used in 1934-1968

The emblem was re-approved in 1934.
Rita Ramirez, January 16, 1998

On February 5th 1934 the flag and coat-of-arms models were newly redefined and (its definition) kept in the National General Archive.
Santiago Dotor, December 29, 1998, translating from

Is this image the 1934-1968 version of the flag? Was this approved by president Abelardo L. Rodríguez?
António Martins, February 15, and November 21, 2000

1934-1968 Mexican coat of arms

[1934-1968 Mexican Coat of arms]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, April 19, 2001

The Coat of Arms was adopted by Decree of February 5, 1934, and published in the DOF (Diario Oficial de la Federación) on the same day, its article 1 says:

Article 1º:

It is adopted as draft of the National Coat of Arms for their several uses, that carefully authenticated with the signatures of the President of the Republic, the President of the "Comisión Permanente" of the Congress of the Union, the President of the Supreme Court of Justice, and those of the citizens Secretaries of State, and sent to the Archivo General de la Nación (General Archive of the Nation), and to the National Museum of Archeology, History and Ethnology. A draft for coins and medals, shall be delivered to the "Casa de la Moneda".

Artilce 2º:

This Coat of Arms in its respective drafts shall be the only to be used on flags, coins, medals, and official correspondence of the whole country, as soon as the shield of the Embassies, legations, and consulates abroad.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, July 25, 2001

The Coat of Arms was designed by Jorge Enciso.

It is remarkable that the law did not make any description of the Coat of Arms, giving birth to more confusions.
Manuel Carrera Stampa describes the Coat of Arms as follows:

" (...) It has a profiled eagle, looking to the right, with high-expanded wings, and the tail down. It is standing over its left grasp on a "nopal" (cactus) born from a stone, that in turn rises from the water, and grasping with the right one a rattlesnake hold also by the beak. A garland, made up by encino and laurel branches united in the lower part by a ribbon, surrounds the achievement" (...)
" (...) For seals and coins the Coat of Arms were added by a text reads: ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS written in the upper semicircle..."
"(...) The new Enciso's design was not designed following just rules of beauty, but he tried to follow a symbolic sense (...)"

There were official full-color versions on this Coat of Arms for flags, embassies, and consulates; official black-and-white versions were designed for coins, and seals.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, July 25, 2001