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UDENAMO (Mozambique)

Last modified: 2001-12-21 by jarig bakker
Keywords: mozambique | udenamo |
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[UDENAMO flag] by Jaume Ollé 23 Nov 1997
Information: see below.

Other UDENAMO flag

[Other UDENAMO flag] by Jens Pattke, 24 Mar 2001

In an article in "Flag Bulletin Newsletter" is a flag of the UDENAMO. She has another shape than on the relevant
mozambican page.
Jens Pattke, 24 Mar 2001

Unknown UDENAMO (?) flag

[Unknown UDENAMO (?) flag] by Jens Pattke, 20 Mar 2001

In 1960, Adelino Gwambe established in Salisbury (Harare) the Democratic National Union of Mozambique (União Democrática Nacional de Moçambique / UDENAMO), and in November 1960 originated in Daressalam the Mozambican African National Union / MANU. In Nyassaland the UNAM was in 1960 established by Mozambiquian fighters. All three liberation movements fought for the independence of Mozambique. In summer 1962 patriots of the MANU, UNAM, and UDENAMO established the Liberation Front of Mozambique (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique / FRELIMO). The FRELIMO was lead by Eduardo C. Mondlane, who was murdered on 3 Feb 1969. How the flags of the MANU and UNAM looked in the sixties? In the attachement a flag of Mozambique, which I could assign to no liberation movement. Who knows this ensign?
Jens Pattke, 20 Mar 2001

A similar flag (without the triangle) is of the Swaziland Progressive Party. The emblem is on several flags of (former) Mozambican political parties.
Jarig Bakker, 21 Mar 2001

If you translate the english MANU to portuguese, you get "União Nacional Africana Moçambicana", whose initials are UNAM. I have strong suspicions that UNAM and MANU are one and the same thing. I don't know this flag in particular, but it looks a lot like the flag of FRELIMO. An earlier version of it, perhaps?
Jorge Candeias, 21 Mar 2001

A German vexillologist asked about this flag, for which he used the name: Flag of the UDENAMO within the FRELIMO. I don't believe this. It is right that with black, green and yellow the so-called "azanian colors" are used. These colors are used by the ANC and the Inkhata in South Africa, the Swaziland Progressive Party and many other organizations in Southern Africa. With the wreath from sugarcane, there is a reference to the UDENAMO. Therefore I suspect that that is present ensign here an flag of the MANU or UNAM. Both organizations were established in the sphere of influence of the African National Congress, in Salisbury (Southern Rhodesia) and Nyassaland ! In the encyclopedia of the Bibliographical Institute Leipzig (former GDR), 1970, two movements are mentioned. Both joined to form the FRELIMO. Only initials of the organizations or German translations are used here. In the Atlas zur Zeitgeschichte - Asien, Afrika und Amerika im 20. Jahrhundert, by Manfred Scheuch, published by Christian Brandstätter Publishers. Vienna (Austria), 1998, informed about three movements. The three
movements united to the FRELIMO. In the book, the names are mentioned in Portuguese or English. In the type like I quoted. Incidentally, I know also a variation of the flag with yellow star. The black star is more likely.
Jens Pattke, 21 Mar 2001

Flag of Udenamo: in august 1961 Jaime R. Sigauke, director of International affairs of Udenamo was called upon to design a flag. With some suggestion from W. Smith two designs were created and acepted by the Central Comittee of the party. Both have the same pattern but one is for use of the party and other will be used as national flag after independence. Flag is light green near the hoist and black in the fly (divided diagonally). In center is a circle with a star and a wreath of sugar cane. In the party flag the circle is white and the wreath is within the circle. In the national flag the circle is blue and the wreath is around  the outside of the circle. In both cases the wreath is gold and the star is red. Black: african country; green, agriculture; red: liberation strugle; star: unity. New proposed name for Moçambique after independence Monomotapa as before the advent of the Portuguese (NOTE: As far I know Monomotapa was a king instead a kingdom, and ruled only a part of Mozambique)
Source: Flag Bulletin 3.
Jaume Ollé, 20 Apr 2001

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