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Amsterdam [North Holland, Municipality] [National Capital] (The Netherlands)

Amsterdam [Noord Holland, Gemeente] [Hoofdstad] (Nederland)

Last modified: 2001-06-30 by franc van diest
Keywords: noord holland [province] | netherlands | holland |
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[Municipality flag of Amsterdam] Mark Sensen, 14 November 1996


See also:

Description, origin and adoption

Horizontal stripes red-black-red with three 'X's in white in the middle. Proportions 2:3.

Pascal Vagnat, 14 December 1997

The present flag is probably also the oldest design (16th or 17th century): a banner-of-the-arms, rotated 90 degrees.
Adopted: 5 February 1975. (Source: [ped80] Pedersen 1980).

Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

Historical flags

[Unnoficial flag of Amsterdam before 1975] Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

Before 1975, unofficially a tricolour red-white-black with the arms on the white stripe was used. Such a flag was already know since the 17th century.

Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

[Historical flag of Amsterdam] Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

Another variant used in the 17th century had seven horizontal stripes white, red, black, white, black, red, white, with the arms all over. (The arms on both variants could again be in different variants: shield only, shield and crown, shield, crown and supporters; either centered or shifted to the hoist.).

Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

[Historical flag of Amsterdam] Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

Another early variant was the Dutch tricolour with the saltires in black.

Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

Resistance flag


[Resistance flag of Amsterdam] Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

Amsterdam has a special Verzetsvlag ("Resistance flag"): white with the full coat of arms. Such a flag was given in 1947 by Queen Wilhelmina on occasion of the addition of the motto to the coat-of-arms 28 May 1947. This motto Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig ("Heroic, Determined, Merciful") was given to the city for the merit during 1940-1945. This flag is used during WWII-commemorations.

Mark Sensen, 08 July 1999

Amsterdam CoA

Amsterdam CoA International Civic Arms :

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