Last modified: 2002-07-13 by jonathan dixon
Keywords: nepal | star | crescent | triangle | asia |
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by Sammy Kanadi
Flag adopted 12 December 1962, coat of arms adopted 16 December 1962.
The moon in the upper part represents the royal house. The sun in the lower part symbolizes a branch of the Rana family, members of which acted as prime ministers until 1961.
The charges are now said to represent the hope that Nepal itself will last as long as the sun and the moon. The style of these heavenly bodies was streamlined on December 16, 1962. The coat of arms still portrays these charges with facial features. Crimson is deemed the national color.
Motto on their coat of arms: "The mother and the Mother Earth are moreimportant than the heavenly kingdom."
SourcesBanderas y escudos del mundo (Flags and coats of arms of the world).Madrid: EASA (1986).
Flags. Philadelphia: Running Press (1994)
The Observer's Book of Flags. London: Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd. (1966)
Juan Vaquer, Jr., 25 February 1999
The faces were removed in 1962, I believe.
John Ayer, 30 September 2000
The other day I met a man who was from Nepal and he explained to me about the flag's meanings. The moon, he said, is supposed to represent quiet because Nepal is such a peaceful country and people are asleep during the night. And the sun is suppose to represent work because it is such a hard-working country and everyone is busy during the daytime. Interesting.
Flags4Pikachu@aol.com, 06 Dec 1999
Prior to the adoption of the present national flag on Dec16 1962, flags with faces were used in Nepal:
Image based on Flaggenbuch:
by Jaume Ollé, 27 June 2001
Image based on Flags of All Nations:
by Jaume Ollé, 27 June 2001
Nozomi Kariyasu, 27 June 2001
Information on a more ancient representation of the Nepali flag can be found in M. Lupant's book:
The first reproduction of the Nepali flag found by M. Lupant is shown in
a book published by Perceval Laundon in 1928 (Nepal, vol. 1, pp.
233-236, Constable, London). The flag was crimson with a green border.
It was made of two superposed isoceles triangles. The two points could
have symbolized the royalty and the Rana family. The moon symbolized the
King and the sun symbolized the Rana family. Moon and Sun expressed the
hope that the Nation shall live as long as them.
The faces are both shown with ears and a symbol in the middle of the
forehead (probably one of the coloured spots used by Hinduists, whose
name I forget), and the face in the upper triangle has a small neck
putting it above the moon.
Ivan Sache, 27 June 2001
White bordered red flag with white lion holding a flag (that looks like an envelope) on a mast, moon and sun.Zeljko Heimer 10 April 1996
The image sent by Marcus Wendel (obviously a scan of Smith's or Talocci's book) is wrong. According to the Nepalese Constitution (1990):
PART 5 HIS MAJESTY
33. Royal Standard and Salute:
(1) Square in shape and crimson in colour having borders in white, the Royal standard is traditionally comprised of a crescent moon, in the upper corner near the flagstaff with eight out of sixteen rays shown in white colour, and a white sun with twelve white rays in the upper corner opposite to the flagstaff, and a white flag showing a six-angled figure and a sword in the middle of the standard with an upright white lion facing the flag with both its paws holding, and the right hind leg supporting, the flagstaff.
(2) The national anthem of Nepal is the Royal salute.